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THE DYING MOTHER.

A REMINISCENCE.
T was a sultry night in September, the atmosphere that of a

hot vapour bath, such as is often, not to say always, so at
that season of the year in the plains of Bengal.
must have rain soon,” was the consolation we had gasped
to each other throughout the day—“we” being a large

party of friends assembled for the Durga Pujah* holidays in a hospitable home on the banks of the river Hooghly.

I was very tired by ten o'clock and glad to get to my room, and there, after writing some letters and reading a chapter or two of the Bible, I put out the lamp, and rested half undressed on the sofa, by a large open window looking out on the river, which lay before me like a sheet of silver in the beautiful moonlight, and watched the strange, almost lifelike shadows of the trees and creepers on the well-kept grassy lawn that stretched along the river side.

Suddenly the profound silence was broken by a long, deep wail, followed up by a chorus of yells, barks, and howls; and presently a pack of jackals, still continuing their vocal performances, scampered across the lawn, adding not a little to the weird etfedt of the scene. Then again all was silent for a while, and again the silence was broken, but this time by a human voice; a faint moaning sound seemed to come from some spot a little lower down the stream and out of my view; very soon it was drowned in the noise of tom-toms (Indian drums) and the shouts of several voices, but presently it could be heard again. Listening till I could not bear to remain inactive any longer, I slipped into the verandaht to rouse the ayah, I who lay asleep there wrapped up in her chudder (veil).

Come, hear what is going on," I whispered, not wishing to disturb the other inmates of the house. She followed me to my room, and we listened together. The moans, each time the shouting and drumming ceased, sounded fainter, as though life were fast failing the poor creature from whom they proceeded. What could be done? Seeing my uneasiness, the ayah proposed to go down-stairs and endeavour to find out. Barefooted she glided noiselessly down the wooden staircase and across the lawn, and I awaited her return in almost breathless anxiety. The moaning had now ceased and all was silent.

“Mem Sahib,” she said quite cheerfully, when she came back, “it is a good thing; you need not distress yourself, they have been giving Gunga waterg to the dying mother of Babu naming a native official who held a high post under Government.

It was surprising that a man of his enlightenment and education should have sanctioned such a barbarous custom, and shortly afterwards a friend, almost doubting the fact, questioned him about it. The Babu pleaded the pressure of friends and relatives, and especially female relatives. “To me, sir," he said, “it was simply an expensive business. I had to pay Rs. 100 (£10) to the Brahmins (priests) for their offices; and besides, my mother was a religious Hindu, and she could not have died happily under any other circumstances.” Such then is the highest consolation which Hinduism offers to its dying votaries !

A. R. * During these holidays, which are in honour of the goddess Durga, the great earth mother, business is suspended.

† A sort of corridor that runs along the side of an Indian house-the roof supported by pillars—between which are venetian blinds, reaching partially, or sometimes entirely, down to the floor.

I The ayah is a nurse or lady's maid, sometimes a little of both.

$ It is considered a sure passport to heaven if the dying Hindu be taken down to the river side and crammed with mud and water from the holy stream of the Ganges, or one of its tributaries, sacred to the god Gunga,

:

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.

GENERAL 1611. First English mercintile settlement in India, at Surat. 1696. Calcutta purchased by the East India Company. 1706. Zieganbalg, first Protestant missionary to India, sent out by Frederick IV.

of Denmark. 1728. S.P.C.K. adopred the Danish Missions in South India. 1750. Swartz began his work at Madras. (Died 1798.) 1757. Battle of Plassey laid the foundation of British supremacy. 1758. Kiernander began his work at Calcutta. (Died 1799.) 1770. Kiernander built first church at Calcutta (now C.M.S. "Old Church "). 1771. Swartz establi-hed Tinnevelly Mission. 1793. Missions in India forbidden by the East India Company.

Carey reached India. (Died 1831.) 1798. Lonion Missionary Society's first Blission in India, at Chingurah. 1799. Baptist Mission established at Serampore, in Danish territory. 1806. Henry Martyn reached India. (Died 1812.) 1807. Church Missionary Society's first grant

for India. 1813. American missionaries attempted in vain to enter India. 1814. New Charter of East India Company gave freedom to Missions in India. 1816. First Wesleyar Mission, at Madras,

Rev. J Hough, Chaplain, Palamcotta, planned C.M.S. Tinnevelly Mission. 1818. 9.P.G.'s tir-t grant to India. 1823. First Scotch Mission, at Bombay. 1828. S.P.G, took over S.P.C.K.'s Missions. 1830. Dr. Duff began his educational work at Calcutta. 1854. Sir C. Wood's famous despatch on Government system of education, 1857. The Sepoy Mutiny. 1858. India transferred from the East India Company to the Crown. 1877. The Queen took the title of Empress of India.

Bishops of Calcutta :-1814, Middleton; 1823, Heber; 1827, James ;

1829, Turner; 1832, Daniel Wilson ; 1858, Cotton; 1867, Milman;

1876, Johnson.
Bishops of Madras :-1835, Corrie ; 1838, Spencer; 1819, Dealtry; 1861,

Gell.
Bishops of Bombay :—1837, Carr ; 1851, Harding ; 1869, Douglas ; 1876,
Mylne.

C.M.S. 1807. First grant for India, for translations. 1812. Corresponding Committee formed at Calcutta. 1813. Agra Mission begin by Abdul Masih, under Corrie's direction. 1814. First CM.S. missionaries, Rhenius and Scharre, sent to Madras. 1815. First English ordained missionary in India, W. Greenwood, to Calcutta. 1816. Travancore Mission begun by Norton and Bailey. (Norton died 1810;

Bailey, 1871.) 1817. Benares Mission begun, under Corrie's auspices. 1818. H. Baker, sen., to Travancore. (Died 1806.) 1820, Bombay Mission begun.

Tinnevelly Mission begun by Rhenius. 1825. C. T. Hoerole to Persia, under Basle Mission. (To India under C.M.S.,

1838. Still labouring.)

Abdul Masih ordained by Bishop Heber—first Native clergyman in India. 1830. John Devasagayam ordainel-first Native clergyman in Tinnevelly.

T. Sandys to Calcutta. (Died 1871.) 1831. J.J. Weitbrecht to Burdwan. (Died 1852.) 1832. W. Smith and C. B. Leupolt to Benares. (Smith died 1875.) 1833, J. Peet to Travancore. (Died 1865.)

John Tucker C.J.S. Secretary at Madras, 1833–1847. 1835. E. Sargent, a catechist in Tinnevelly. (Ordained 1812.) 1836. John Thomas to Tinnevelly. (Died 1870.) 1838. J. S. S. Robertson to Bombay. (Returned home 1877.)

Religious awakening in Krishnayhur. 1840. Dr. Pfander to Agra. (To Turkey 1858 ; died 1865.) 1841. Telugu Mission begun by Fox aud Noble. (Fox died 1818 ; Noble 1865.) 1846. T. G. Ragland to South India. (Died 1858.) 1849. W. S. Price to Na-ik, Western India. (To East Africa 1874.) 1850, Sindh Mission begun.

T. V. French and E. C. Stuart to Agra. 1851. Punjab Mission begin by R. Clark and T. H. Fitzpatrick, 1852. D. Fenn and R. R. Meadows to Tinnevelly.

First converts at R. Noble's School (M. Ratnam and A. Bhushanam). 1854. Itinerating Mission begun by Rayland in Tinnevelly.

First Sikh clergyman ordained (Daoud Singh). 1855. S. Dyson and J. Vaughan to Calcutta.

Afghan Mission at Peshawar begun by R. Clark and Pfander. 1858. R. Bruce to the Punjab. (To Persia 1869.)

Lucknow Mission begun, under the auspices of Sir R. Montgomery.

Santâi Mission begun. 1860. Sarah Tucker Female Institution established at Palamcotta.

Koi Mission begun, under the auspices of Col. Haig. 1862. Derajat Mission begun by French under the auspices of Col. Taylor. 1864. First Telugu clergy ordained (M. Ratnam and A. Bhushanam). 1865. Cathedral Mission College opened at Calcutta by J. Barton.

Medical Mission in Kashmir begun by Dr. Elmslie. 1866. Imad-ud-uin baptized at Amritsar. (Ordained 1868.) 1869. First Tinnevelly Native Church Council. 1870. Lahore Divinity College established by French and Knott. 1877. E. Sargent consecrated Assistant. Bishop for Tinnevelly.

T. V. French consecrated first Bishop of Lahore.

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FAITH NANDO :
A TRUE STORY OF SECUNDRA.

I.
VERY little English girl into whose hands this story is

likely to fall knows that the word Faith means belief or trust. Could any one have a more beautiful name? The little gentle obliging child of whom I write was so called, but her heathen name was Nando. Her father, who was a

noted dyer in Janghirabad, a city in Northern India, had, according to the custom of the country, called the heathen priest to give his little daughter a name, six days after her birth, and Nando was the name he chose. The word simply means girl. There are many soft sounding Indian names with pretty meanings, but perhaps the priest chose this one as he saw the parents were discontented because their child was a girl, and he thought this name suflicient. They would certainly have given him a much larger present than they did if their first-born had been a boy. I cannot tell whether the priest's book on the nameday of the little Nando foretold good or evil for the child, but well I know that God had purposes of love for her.

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Before I speak of this let me give you a glimpse of Nando's home and and Nando was sent, for some reason or other, to a distant city called her early childhood. Picture to yourself a le.ge square court-yard planted Bulandshahr. with fine trees, underneath which were stone seats, affordins rest in the From this place, together with a number of girls, some her own age, shade. This court was surrounded on all sides by houses which were shut others older, all of whom had been rescued from the sad life of dancing in like a fortress. The children who lived there made the court-yard girls, she was sent on to the Orphanage at Secundra. At first she their playground. In reality all these children belonged to a single felt very unhappy among her new companions, who were in Mohammefamily, the head of which was Malu-Chandari, the grand ather of Nando. dan costume; she would have nothing to do with them, being herself a Like the patriarch of the Old Testament, he lived and ruled in the milst Hindu, and even refused to touch any food. The second day hunger of his descendants. He bought materials from the weavers, which he forced her to eat, but she cried a great deal. The nearer they came to dyed and imprinted with flowers and dazzling patterns, and then sold Secundra the more frightened the children became, for the policemen them wholesale to Native merchants in the bazaars. Malu-Chandari who were in charge of them told them dreadful things of what should was of good descent, and was respected by all who knew him. He made happen to them there. “ The first thing,” they said, “when you arrive rich profits by his business, and he showed his gratitude to his gods in the will be that all your limbs on which you have ornaments will be cut following strange manner. IIe hung up in the centre of the room in off; therefore you had better give them to us first.” Nando and her which he lived a large round earthen vessel, called by the Hindus a companions had silver ornaments, and they immediately took off and “ ghara," and filled it with silver of naments—chains, bracelets, and rings gave up every one. Still they were kept in great fear till they reached for the ears, no-e, fingers, feet, and ankles--and these he presented to his Secundra, when the love and kindness they received from everybody god to express his thanks, and to give it pleasure! The natives of India in the school soon showed them that they had been deceived by the admire nothing more than a pitbfusion of ornaments, and they like to policemen. carry all their wealth upon their persons. Those who are not rich enough Secundra is five miles from Agra, and here Akbar the Great, a powerto adorn themselves with silvers are contented with ornaments of brass. | ful prince who lived more than 300 years ago, built a beautiful tomb. I know poor water-women whose arms from the wrist to the elbow are It lies in the midst of a large garden, surrounded by a high wall, with covered with coloured glass rings, and the upper part with heavy brass or

small round towers at the corners. Three highly arched doorways of lead ones, wbilst their bodies are clothed with razs.

red freestone, ornamented with marble and mosaic, and closed with But to return to our story. The pride and delight of the old man were brazen gates, form the entrance. Above the middle archway rise slender his four grown-up sons and their children, all living in the same court white marble minarets, ascended by winding stairs. The subterranean with their father, submitting to his authority, and sharing his work. The room, in which the marble coffin lies, is lighted by a brazen lamp, sussecond son, Nando's father, was his best beloved. When the grandfather pended over the coffin, and approached by a marble staircase. The had been particularly successful in business, he gave Nando and her garden had formerly many fountains; these are now in ruins, but the brothers each a rupee, a silver coin answering to our florin.

canals and ponds from which they were supplied still exist, and cause the Nando remembered seeing her mother place daily a vessel of milk for flowers to spring up and bloom in great beauty. Lofty tamarind, pipal, four or five venomous serpents that concealed themselves in the walls acacia, mango, and orange trees spread out their branches, and afford of the room where the family lived. As soon as they had emptied the refreshing shade. dish they would disappear without injuring any one. This is not an Close to this garden lies an extensive piece of ground, which also conuncommon practice in India. The poor heathen imagine that either their tains a tomb, not so magnificent as Akbar's, but erected by him in gods or deceased relatives take the form of serpents, and their religion for- honour of his wife Miriam, who, according to tradition, was a Portubids them to do these creatures any harm. They eren believe that is a guese Christian, whilst he was a Mohammedan. Perhaps this Christian person kills a serpent the death of one of his fimily will soon follow, as princess often prayed that her beloved Saviour would send the glad compensation for the life he has taken. Thousands of natives are killed tidings of llis redeeming love to her dark subjects in India, and would by serpents in the course of a year. A neighbour of Nando's parents call into llis own happy fold the many children who were growing up placed himself on a bed, at the entrance of the court, when it was dusk, wild and ignorant, but whom she earnestly desired should be saved and and did not perceive that a serpent was lying there. The creature thus taken to heaven. Here the dear Saviour has caused a much more beauroused from its sleep bit the man, and in two hours he died. Yet no one tiful remembrance of this princess to arise than the grand monument ventured to touch the serpent. Nando herself had a suake on her bed erected by her husband. It came to pass in this way. one night, and did not feel at all uneasy. Another time she was lying About forty years ago a great famine prevailed in India. Many outside the house, in the sun, when a cobra, a deally snake, passed over people died from want of food ; numbers of children lost their parents, her back without injuring her, and her mother who saw it fully believed and wandered abiut, berging, as long as their feeble little feet would that her son, who had died shortly before, had come to pay his sister a carry them. Many laid themselves down, too weary to go further, and visit!

died without any one to care for them. This was a great grief to the Malu-Chandari was taken very ill and died. Scarcely had the usual English Christians who then lived in India. They sought out the poor days of mourning ended, when the peace which had hitherto bound the starving orphans, and gathered them into quarters at Agra ; but so much members of the family together gave place to quarrels and strife concern- sickness prevailed among the children that it became necessary to reing the division of the property. The eldest brother seized everything, move them, and many thought that the ruinous tomb of Miriam could and destroyed an important paper of his father's, which was perhaps a not be used for a better or more honourable purpose than by making it kind of will. Nando was then scarcely six years old, and she understood into a Christian Orphanage. An application was made to Government nothing further. Her father was constantly under the influence of opium, for the tomb and the ground belonging to it, and they were granted to and this has the same dreadful effect in India that brandy has in other the Church Missionary Society for an Orphan Asylum. countries. He squandered all he had, and the children had no longer the An Indian tomb is very different from our ideas of a grave. Some are good clothes and nice food of earlier days. At length he went away, centuries old, and are most beautiful large buildings, with different rooms, saying that he was going to Delhi for work. He never returned, as far as some of which are being used as places of worship by the Mohammedans Nando knew. The mother became blind from coutinual weeping, and up to the present day. The wonderful marble tomb of King Shah Jehan the children were dependent on their grandmother and aunt for their at Agra employed, we are told, 40,000 workmen for eighteen years. As scanty subsistence. All these things followed one another rapidly, and soon as Viriam's tomb had been made somewhat habitable the orphan boys perhaps this helped to impress them more deeply on Nando's memory. were moved into it. A curious old native building situated in a small

One day it happened that the mother wanted one of her children to garden, further off, was made ready for the girls till proper buildings had fetch something from the bazaar. Nando was ready at once. So rarely been erected. From this time, 1839, dates the history of the Secundra did she meet strangers, or see what was passing outside, that she was Orphanage. glad to have this errand, and two of the younger brothers followed her. In the Mutiny year, 1857, Secundra was completely destroyed, except She had never been in the bazaar before; the crowd and the noise the tomb, by the mutineers, but the children and natives of the adjoining frightened her, and her timid and bewildered look excited the notice Christian village were saved in time and found refuge in the fort at of a policeman, who thought she must be a lost child. He seized her, Agra. In 1860 the buildings for the boys and girls were rebuilt at heeding not her struggles and screams; and the little brothers, on Secundra, and the C.M.S. again appointed a clergyman and his wife to seeing the policeman, ran away, and Nando never heard more of any of take charge of the Orphanage.* her family.

Since that time many of the little wild heathen children, who knew II.

nothing when they entered the Orphanage, have learned diligently, and Nando was taken to the police-station as a “found child,” and was kept

become orderly and useful members of society. The children are taught

to read and write, &c., to make their clothes, and prepare food; and there for two days, during which time inquiries were most likely being made. But no one claimed the poor little girl. The mother had no

above all, they learn that they have a loving Father in heaven, who not means of doing so; and the male relatives were doubtless glad to be

only gives them their daily bread, but in His Holy Word makes known saved the expense of her wedding, for which they would have been obliged * A picture of the building, and a history of the Orphanage, appeared in the to arrange within the next two or three years. So no one came forward, GLEANER of July, 1876.

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their Saviour among the hillmen, who are very poor and ignorant, and live in small miserable straw huts. Their chief employment is in the summer, when they hire themselves to carry the conveyances in which ladies go about, as there the roads are too narrow and steep for carriage s. While Miss H. was carried, she often had pleasant conversations with her bearers, and she noticed that one of them, called Shitab, glad to hear the Word of God, and 80 was his young

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wife, Belmati, who daily paid Miss H. à visit. As neither of them could read, and they wished to know more of the Holy Book, Faith was entrusted with their reading lessons, and at the same time she taught a Hindu boy, nine years old, who was anxious to learn. She devoted some hours daily to her pupils, whilst Miss H. undertook their religious instruction; and their progress was delightful. They also learnt to sing

hymns. After Miss H. left Landour, in the autumn,

some

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