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upon him.

after having actually entered it, was the bitterest trial that could be laid babalawo, Mr. Hinderer's "big fish ” mentioned in the GLEANER article

just referred to. He received the name of Joseph Sidney, after the Rev. But though disappointed, he was not disheartened. His heart was J. S. Hill, who was for a short time at Leke. Two Sundays after, on the in missionary work, and a missionary he was resolved to be. For ten 16th, he publicly related the story of his conversion in the little mission years, during which he served as assistant-mister in mɔre than one chapel, taking as a text the words, "Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou National School in the North of London, he sought opportunity to go Me?" A leading worshipper of the god of small-pox, named Lagbon out to the heathen, but effort after effort failed. He was a devoted Doko, who was present, was deeply in:pressed. “ Joseph,” he said, “spoke “ children's evangelist," and one of his plans was to get the many young too much truth ; it is here (pointing v) his heart) ever since.” people who learned to love him to raise money for the purpose of sending Mr. Read threw himself into his work with an ardent and loving him to India as their own missionary. He also wrote some pretty tracts spirit that at once won the affections of the people; and his letters gave and leaflets, hoping to make sufficient profit out of them to at least pay every promise of a large ingathering of souls. He rightly guaged the his passage out. He applied again and again to the C.M.S., but the way capacities of the poor degraded runaway slaves, who chiefly compose the did not open, for the Society, as a rule, must look for other qualifications population of Leke. “The people,” he wrote, “want the milk of the in its agents besides earnestness. At length, in April last, his persistence | Word; and they receive it better with illustrations.” Do our readers was rewarded by the Committee accepting him as a lay teacher for the know the Wordless Book, with its four blank leaves, black, red, white, Yoruba Mission, and appointing him to Leke.

golden ? If not, let them buy one without delay, and they will underHis acceptance was communicated to him on April 12th, his birthday. stand the following:There lies before us, as we write, a printed letter, which he wrote that

LEKE, Oct. 23rd, 1877. day to the children who attended his classes and services. It is headed In my rambles, when there has been a group of persons, I have often “AFRICA FOR CHRIST !-I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom

shown them the “ wordless book," and explained to them the meaning of

the black, red, white, and golden pages. The four pages are pegs upon shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send

which I hang four texts. I tell them all have sinned (Black page), therefore me"; and begins as follows :

all need a Saviour, and God provided one in the person of His dear Son, To-day the desire of my life has been granted. The Church Missionary

Jesus Christ, who shed His blood for all (Red page). Trusting with their Society has decided to send me to Leke, in the Gulf of Guinea. I am

whole hearts to the finished work of Christ they are clothed with His going to a very unhealthy and naps dangerous place. Yet do not

righteousness (White paze). The last page (Golden) assists me in speaktrouble on my account. You, my little friends, can help me. I would

ing of the glories of Heaven. rather be surrounded by a hundred prayers than a hundred soldiers. Another extract tells of his first preaching tour :Two reasons move me. 1st, I love the heathen; 2ndly, I love

October 19th.--A day ever to be remembered. Since my arrival here you. Some have said to me, “We understand the first, but the second

the last day in August, I have often looked from my window towards the is a puzzle ; it is a strange love which shows itself by leaving us." I

Niger. It has been my prayer that openings might be found in the vilwant some of you to wear a missionary crown in "Joy-land.”

lages seaward. Ootober 10th seemed to be favourable. I started upon I may not see you any more. The next you hear muy be that my

the Rev. D. Hinderer's missionary horse, but had not proceeded far when Heavenly Father has called me out of “ Tear-land.”

a violent storm of rain came on, so I reluctantly turned back wet through. After spending a few weeks with Mr. Hinderer at Hastings, to learn October 19th found us (catechist and myself) making way the second from him the first rudiments of the language, and to receive hints how to

time for the village of Sirinevon. Having reached the place, the head

man was waited upon and informed of our errand. Under a spreading carry on the work at Leke, which Mr. Hinderer himself had begun, Mr.

tree the people flocked (I gave a special invitation to the young folks); Read sailed in July for West Africa. The following letter, announcing a seat was brought, and palm-wine placed before me. The address was his arrival at Lagos, would probably have never appeared in print had he the old, old story of sin and the remedy. I tried to make them comlived to labour for some years. But now that he is gone, his simple prehend the truth by telling at the end to the young folks the Parable words seem to us exactly fitted to touch the hearts of some of our younger

of the White Robes. Whilst I was speaking a man exclaimed with great

emotion, “Surely the truth has come!” At the close they all thanked me, readers. God grant that they may indeed do so!

and said that they would look forward with pleasure to next Friday, for

Lagos, August 18th, 1877. my next visit. In answer to inquiries, “ They had no questions to ask ; Tuesday, the 14th, about one o'clock, I stepped upon African soil. I they all felt it was the Truth.. I look upon this village only as a stepearnestly pray that I may not leave for Home until my Heavenly Father ping-stone to one larger beyond. By night and by day the words of the has used me in winning souls for my Saviour. I shall remember your man,

“SURELY the truth has come !” have rung in my ears. God grant words, viz., “It is the Spirit that gives the blessing.”

it may come quickly, through the help of God's children at home. Lagos is rapidly increasing in size on account of runaway slaves. Oh, He had been warned by the Rev. J. A. Maser, our Secretary at Lagos, that the Christians in England may not forget Western Africa when

not to cross the lagoon to the mainland till he had had his first fever, and subscribing or offering themselves to the Nyanza Mission! In my diary the text for the 14th, when we landed, was, “Ye are the light of the

so got acclimatised. But his health had been so good since he reached world,” Matt. vi. 14. Since April 12th Leke has been upon my heart. Africa, that, on Nov. 19ih, he ventured to visit Epe, in the Jebu country, May this wilderness soon be turned into a garden! May the light of the where he sang hymns to the people and preached the Gospel. There, no Gospel, with its healing and strengthening power, find its way from Leke doubt, he took the fatal fever, though it did not appear immediately. to the banks of the Niger! I count the hours when I shall be amongst my people. As I write the following words, I trust they express the

On Sunday, Dec. 2nd, he preached twice to the Leke congregation, and language of my heart :

announced, as was his custom, his next Sunday's subject, “ Midnight

Watch ”; but he never addressed them again. On the Friday, the fever "Oh, to be nothing, nothing! Only to lie at His feet,

struck him down. On the Sunday he seemed better, but weak. The A broken and emptied vessel

converts all came inquiring after him most affectionately, and he told For the Master's use made mect. Emptied that He might fill me

them that if he died, he was going to heaven, and they must “trust in As forth to His service I go, Broken-that so unhindered,

Christ, whose name was Love.” On Tuesday he was much better, and His life through me might flow."

talked pleasantly with the Native catechist, telling him stories of England, Trusting that I may soon be able to tell of a grand raid into the and singing “ Hold the Fort,” and “Scatter seeds of kindness.” But in enemy's camp by all the "Standard Bearers ” here, and a great capture the afternoon he became suddenly worse; and at 8 p.m. he was put into a of souls, through the guidance and help of our Captain, I remain, &c.

canoe to be taken to Lagos. All night the boat sped along the lagoon ; On August 29th he proceeded in a canoe by the lagoon, which stretches but at 11 a.m. next day, when still five hours from Lagos, the redeemed the whole fifty miles from Lagos to Leke, at a short distance from the spirit of James Benjamin Read was taken to its Saviour's presence. sea. The Rev. J. A. Maser accompanied him, in order to baptize the He would be a missionary. God gave him his desire; nay, did morefirst-fruits of the work of Mr. Hinderer in 1876 (see GLEANER, Feb- gave him the crown almost before the cross was taken up. He could say ruary, 1877). On Sunday, Sept. 2nd, fifteen adults and two children were what his Master said--what it should be the aim of every one of us to received into the Church, in the presence of a congregation of 114 per- say—“I have finished,” not the work I expected to do, not the work I sons, inquirers and heathen. Among the baptized was the priest or wished to do, but" the work which Thou gavest me to do."


narcissus flowers). Then set a counter in the shop, fill the shelves with

articles for sale, have six, or even twenty, blue-dressed Chinamen in it, A Letter to the Scholars at the Trinity Church Schools, to attend to customers (for they join their small capitals, and do busiLeicester.

ness as numerous partners), and have one fat, clever-looking Chinaman in FROM THE REV. E. Davys.

great spectacles to give change and keep the books, and you may have a

notion of the generality of the shops. There is also to every fair-sized (Continued.)

shop a little private door on the side, leading up some steep steps to the O reach the Queen's Road, or principal street, which I wished dwelling-rooms, and over this door hang five scarlet papers, and an

to describe, we turn up one of the narrow lanes or alleys inscription inviting the five blessings of health, wealth, honour, old age, from the Praya, through rows of little meat, vegetable, herb, and a good examination to enter there. From the front niche that I or fish_shops. Entering the Queen's Road at the Central spoke of, I once copied the inscription. It was this, on one side : “May Clock Tower is like coming into Granby Street, in Leicester, a gold ship fly with the speed of a horse to this house"; on the other

about the railway station. There are the City Hall, the side, “May a gold vase full of money fall from the mountains into this Hotel, Club House, Banks, and Post Office; all fine buildings, and a few house”; and in the middle, where the fragrant sticks were burning, “O large English and Japanese shops. In this part there are planted green dragon, preserve this house." But you see there is no thought of a God and shady trees, which are a great refreshment from the glaring sun. of love, and no thought or desire for His forgiveness or His grace. Such, The chair coolies lie and sit under them very comfortably, and so do then, is one side of Queen's Road, Hong Kong, and the other is not very the flower bouquet sellers. The trees themselves have, many of them, unlike it. handsome scarlet and lilac, or green and white flowers; and just now In the other main streets and roads running along the hill side and a sort of tall cotton tree is filling the

parallel to these, and joined to them air and strewing the ground with puro

by multitudes of small Chinese crossdowny cotton from its bursting pods.

streets, are the various English houses, Following the street, towards the

the English and Scotch churches, GoChinese portion, you soon find your

vernment schools, hospitals, and police self in the midst of Native shops. The

stations. There are also the long Mislarger ones are often very handsome,

sion premises of the London Missionand full of beautiful curiosities. Then

ary Society, and of the German and you come to tailors' shops, carpenters'

Basle Missions; and likewise the shops, tea shops, crockery shops, bird

Church Missionary Society's church shops, and shops where they sell idols,

and schools. There are also several gilt paper, and incense sticks, and

Chinese Joss-houses, or idol temples candles, and paper junks, and orna

(Joss is a corruption of the Portuguese ments for offerings. Then you have

word for God). They are by no means shoe shops, Chinese cap and hat shops,

fine buildings, but curious and odd. barbers' shops, noisy braziers' shops,

Two ugly stone creatures stand in vegetable, umbrella, toy, trunk, baskel

front, something between a lion and a makers, and almost all other kinds of

dragon, and on the top are red and shops, not to say the eating shops,

green dolpbins and coloured dragons. where dried ducks hang up, squeezed

If you go in (to which there is no flat, and occasionally a poor cat or

objection made) all looks dark and kitten served in the same style, and

dingy, and by the light of a few tapers, dishes of soup stand all ready, and

for there are no windows, you see many plates of pretty-looking vegetables.

red and gilt images, and in the corners The streets are quiet (for there is

some of cloth and paper, but all lookscarcely ever a carriage), but full of

ing smoked and dirty. Every now and sedans, and porters running along, and

then some one comes in, bows to the as crowded with people every day as if

idols, or kneels, and knocks his head it was a fair time. There are English

on the floor several times, then he men, Scotchmen, Americans, and Ger

burns some gilt paper, which a man mans, with sun hats of all shapes, from

at a side table sells, the gong is struck a helmet to a soup dish, and nearly all

to attract the attention of the idol, dressed in white clothes, even the

then he throws up two sticks, and as soldiers wearing white uniforms.

they fall he considers his prayer There are Persians dressed in muslin,

answered or not. If not, he goes and fine Shikh policemen with im

through his service again. On festival mense red turbang. There are Par

days, which are the idols' birthdays, sees with black straw hats like mitres,

these temples are decorated with flowsome negroes, and quantities of Roman

ers and fancy figures in a most beautiCatholic Portuguese. And then there ONE FAT CLEVER-LOOKING CHINAMAN IN GREAT SPECTACLES."

ful and expensive manner, a large are the swarms of Chinamen themselves

covered space being arranged for the —the coolies, with dark brown skins,

purpose in front of the building. The scanty dress, and Chinese hats as large round as a tea table, and most priests then come and bow before the pictures and moving figures that are of them with a fan; and then the better class dressed in a blue or white hung up on all sides, and cbant (fanning themselves all the time); and sort of smock-frock and white gaiters, with no hat, but shading their noisy music like the hammering of kettles, and crowds of people, make shaven heads with a fan or umbrella, and all wearing of courso their the scene very exciting, especially at night, when hundreds of lamps long tail of plaited hair. The coolies wear them twisted round their and Chinese lanterns make it blazing and bright. heads, but the upper classes have them hanging down their backs nearly A little beyond the principal joss-house is the church belonging to to their feet. As their own hair would not often be long enough for the Church Missionary Society. It is admirably placed, the front door this, they plait in with it some silk or worsted, and finish with a tassel of opening just upon the Chinese recreation ground. On that ground are the same. Blue used in this way is a sign of deep mourning, black of quantities of people. There is no grass—the heat has destroyed all that. half, but the common colour is red.

It is about as large as our Leicester market-place. Here are groups And now next to get an idea of the shops, you must suppose in of men sitting round a teller of tales, who has made himself a shed to Granby Street, and all down Belgrave Gate, the shop fronts and glass all shade his audience, and who sips tea, smokes, and tells his story all taken away (as in a coach-maker's shop in England), or else in some together. There are many fortune-tellers' stalls, and dentists' stalls cases partly taken out (as in a fishmonger's or butcher's shop). Then adorned with strings of teeth of all sizes, which their skill has extracted. make on one side a stone shelf or niche, and suppose standing inside Medicine stalls, with snakes' skins and medicine-bottles; photograph this a cup, with incense sticks burning in it, a lamp, or wax-candle, a exhibitions, showing English landscapes through stereoscopes, and often few pieces of peacocks' feathers and gilt paper ornaments. Then, inside, there is a large crowd gathered round a juggler or athlete. Now at six at the back part of the shop, hang up a large red paper scroll, with the o'clock, almost every night, the bell of the Missionary Church rings, and family name in Chinese characters, set a table before it, ornamented numbers of the islers stroll in, and hear the Native catechist or the with coloured feathers and paper (with, on New Year's Day, offerings of missionaries tell the (to them) new story of the love of Jesus Christ. fruit piled up, a whole roasted pig, and branches of peach blossoms, and We have very few discomforts. The mosquito-gnats are very tiresome,

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and we are glad of the muslin curtains at night to keep them out, as near Cottayam College, and eventually they were established as at present well as the huge cockroaches (as large as any three in England) which in Velur. The Rev. R. Collins, in his Missionary Enterprise in the East fly and sing about the room, and spiders as large as a sand-crab. On the (H. S. King), gives a full account of its early history. The Rev. J.M. hills there are no dangerous animals or venomous snakes. We have some Speechly collected money for a church which was lately built by the pretty birds; the commonest (next to sparrows) are a sort of small Rev. H. Baker, who handed over temporary charge of it to me in March magpie, with habits like a robin-redbreast. Thousands of beetles sing in of last year. Altogether, it being a congregation gathered out from a the trees as loud as birds, and splendid pink and green grasshoppers, poor and neglected caste, the interest taken in them seems of that with wings six inches across, and we have a wild parrot occasionally in affectionate kind shown to ragged-schools and congregations at home the island, but no monkeys, except tame ones in houses. There are such as those meeting in Rufford's Row and Britannia Row, Islington, plenty of little human monkeys, too, in the shape of the Chinese chil- where so many of our missionaries have worked when studying at the dren, who (the boys with their one tail, which their mothers are very Church Missionary College. proud of, and make as glossy and smart as they can, and the girls with The church is situated three miles south-west from Cottayam, and the their two tails, or rather tufts, on each side of the back of their heads) way thither, for the last mile, is along the tops of the low and narrow are as happy and full of fun as children can be.

dykes-scarcely affording footing for a pony—which separates the various Oh, what a fine people this would be, if they only knew Christ, and rice-fields. Among these fields, the congregation for the most part find the unsearchable riches of His love! They are so gentle, and kind, and their work, but some travel thirty-five or forty miles east to the Pir Merde $0 polite and self-possessed, quite aware of the importance of their Hills, where they get employment as labourers in the coffee estates, and immense nation—so ingenious and so industrious—that when it please where such is the power of King Rupee that they may work shoulder to God to send out to them His Word, and llis servants (in sufficient num- shoulder with Brahmins. In tbis visit to Velur I was able to ride the bers to spread it into the interior, and among the numberless tribes and whole way, with the exception of a few yards near the church, across dialects which fill the Empire), and at the same time to pour down upon which, on account of the deep water, I had to be carried by a couple of them and upon the people His Spirit, they will be a glorious addition to men. But the water elsewhere was low. the nations that profess His Name. O my dear young people, pray for Once returning from a service here, the little boat in which I was them now and pray for them often!

pushed its way among the most beautifully green rice-fields. The path was literally " trackless,” the green corn up to our faces opening out for

our approach, and then meeting behind us, as if nothing had ever passed A BAPTISMAL SERVICE IN THE PADDY FIELDS. that way before.

The church is a good one of its kind, not unlike the accompanying BY Tie Rev. W. J. RICHARDS, TRAVANCORE.

print of its predecessor (from Mr. Collins' book mentioned above), but [Our readers will remember the story entitled “The Slayer Slain,”

rather more substantial, with massive buttresses and chupam or mortar which appeared in the GLEANER of 1876, and which gave so vivid a

floor. The walls between the pillars are about three feet high only, so as picture of slave life in Travancore. The following letter refers to the

to allow the air to enter freely on all sides. Except when the water is same class of people.]

quite low, the little churchyard is an island.

The Cottayam reader and a couple of students of the Cambridge N Sunday, 11th November, I went, according to a previous Nicholson Institution at Cottayam accompanied me to this place. We

arrangement, to baptize some catechumens at the Slave put all the candidates for baptism in front of the reading-desk.” This Church, Velur (or, as pronounced in English, Waylooly well merits a description. It is built of stone, covered with well-smoothed And as it was my first baptism of the kind I send an mortar, and has a kneeling-place (also built) inside. It serves a double account, thinking that the perusal of it may awaken interest debt to pay—a place to preach as well as pray. In fact it is pulpit also,

in the poor Pulayans—the most down-trodden class of but marvellous to relate is a font too. The top of the reading-desk people in Travancore, if not in India.

corner at the minister's right hand has a cavity like a good-sized bowl, Velur is the head-quarters of a congregation of about 200 souls. Many which was full of water for baptism. This was the font. The church can years ago, the movement which has issued so far in this not incon- seat about two hundred on the floor. There is no place for Holy siderable congregation arose from a small beginning. As I have heard, Communion. At present, the Velur people join with us at Cottayam in a little daughter of Mr. Hawksworth, living in this old mission-house of this Sacrament. Cottayam, began to teach a little Pulayan girl or two, so a mission was There were present more than twenty candidates for baptism, but some commenced for them. And the first converts met in their school, then had to be rejected, for the present, on account of their relatives, wives or husbands, as the case may be, not being ready to join with them, or for ordained from the Islington College in 1859, and went to India the some other good reason. One of those allowed to present himself for following year. For eighteen years he proved himself a faithful and baptism had been waiting for five years, but had been delayed hitherto industrious missionary, and had no small share in the large ingathering on account of defective preparation and to test bim further, as he was

of Mala converts during the last few years. rather quarrelsome and passionate. His chest was seamed right across

Mr. H. M. Warry, a student in the C.M.S. Preparatory Institution at with three or four parallel scars, the marks of his own knife and his own Reading, has been appointed to the Seychelles Islands, to assist the Rev. handiwork, done in anger and grief because his former wife died during W. B. Chancellor as industrial schoolmaster in the African Institution, his absence and was buried without his seeing her. His answers to

“ Venn's Town." questions in the Creed were not so ready as those of the other men, but

Further letters, dated Rubaga (Mtesa's capital), March 26th and April I don't think he was so intelligent, and he was not so young. He seemed,

1st, have been received from the Rev. C. T. Wilson, both by the East however, quite set upon leading a new life.

Coast and Nile routes. He reached Uganda from the south side of the These Pulayans have formed, of late years, the bulk of our adult

Lake on the former date, and on the latter date he was cordially received baptisms. They are pressing into the kingdom of heaven, not for

by Mtesa after his three months' absence, and delivered Lord Derby's “loaves and fishes,” nor yet from spiritual anxiety alone, but that also

letter. He writes, “Certainly things seem smoother and easier here by they may, by becoming Christians, become, and be treated as men. I dare far than I expected. The many prayers that have been and are being say a desire to be like Augustin and his civilised brethren was one of the

offered up for a blessing are, I feel confident, being heard and answered.' motives which brought many of our Saxon ancestors to the font and the

Mr. Mackay arrived safely at Uyui, near Unyanyembe, en route to the faith of Christ. The answers of the women were well though shyly

Victoria Nyanza, on April 30th, after a most trying journey over a given, and it was touching to see their bent heads and hear their timid flooded country. Messrs. Stokes and Penrose were to leave the coast to but reverent muttering of the Lord's Prayer and the Creed. The

follow him at ihe beginning of July. Their companion Mr. Sneath has, congregation of the baptized were told that they were held responsible we regret to say, been sent home invalided. for the walk of these new Christians, and they were warned that the

The Nile party, also, has been reduced by the enforced return to judgment on baptized persons was more severe if theirs were not “new

England of Mr. Hall. He was attacked at Suakim with heat apoplexy, lives," and they were reminded of the Holy Spirit promised, with

the thermometer standing at 98° “in the shadiest," and more than once forgiveness of sins to those who repent and are baptized (Acts ii.). touching 100°. Otherwise the party were in good health and spirits, and After the Litany, the service for “Baptism of such as are of riper years

were to start on their journey to Berber on camels on June 24th. was read. There were three men, with a wife and children each, to whom

In May last three important conferences were held at Tokio (Yedo), was given the right hand of fellowship, as I led them severally, holding

the capital of Japan. First, on May 2–6, all the C.M.S. missionaries that hand, to the font, and poured water on their heads in the name of

in Japan met together, viz. :

-Mr. Piper of Tokio; Mr. Maundrell of the Holy Trinity. One family baptized included grandmother and

Nagasaki; Messrs. Warren and Evington of Osaka; Mr. Fyson of children; another included two grown sisters of the husband or wife.

Niigata; and Messrs. Dening and Williams of Hakodate, under the Just before all was finished, a poor young fellow aflicted with dropsy, presidency of Bishop Burdon, of Victoria, Hong Kong. The subjects and evidently not long for this world, who had been taught for baptism

discussed comprised Native Agency, Education, Colportage, Christian before he got ill, was brought up to the font, "borne of four.” At first,

Literature, Preaching, &c. Then on May 9--11, a general Conference not being aware that service was going on, he vociferated loudly for

was held of the missionaries of the Church of England (C.M.S. and medicine, and I had to speak in a high key to make him understand

S.P.G.), and the Protestant Episcopal Church of America, including what was going on and test his preparedness, and so, poor fellow, as he

Bishop Burdon and the American Bishop Williams--eighteen in all. The sat helpless on the floor, I baptized him by the name of Aaron.

subjects discussed included the Japanese Prayer-Book (to prepare which Before I left the church, the leaders of the congregation pointed out

a committee of five was appointed by the two Bishops), the Japanese the new bell, hanging from one of the roof-beams. It was purchased by

rendering of Theological and Ecclesiastical Terms, Lord's Day Observance, permission, a few months ago, and cost the congregation about fourteen

the Native Ministry, Church Discipline, &c. The third Conference was shillings (seven rupees), but it was a great “ Tom of Lincoln” in their

on Bible Translation, and included all Protestant missionaries. eyes, and having been bought from their own money was doubly dear,

The Indian Church Gazette of May 25th contains some interesting and sounded, no doubt, like a golden bell. Their singing is very

accounts of visits paid by Bishop Johnson of Calcutta to C.M.S. stations primitive, and many of them cannot read, but those who can, join

in North India. At Bbagalpur the Bishop confirmed sixteen candidates; heartily in the Psalms and the responses, and all answer questions very

at Gorakpur sixty; at Faizabad seventeen. At Gorakpur he addressed a fairly when catechised during the sermon. When compared with their

party of forty Hindu gentlemen at the Mission High School, on “The still heathen friends, or when we contrast their simple faith in the Great

relations of man to the material and spiritual world”; and the discussion God, the Saviour, Sanctifier, and Creator of men who hears prayer, with

that ensued was joined in by “a Hindu Theist, an orthodox Mussulman, the Pantheism and self-woven web which binds the high-caste Hindus,

a Mussulman who professed himself a devotee of pure reason, and a very there is much cause for thankfulness.

intelligent Christian schoolmaster.” On Easter week the Bishop was at Taljhari, the head-quarters of the Santal Mission, where he confirmed

120 candidates, and 225 Christians communicated with him. “EveryEPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS.

thing,” says the narrator, “is to be hoped from this flourishing Mission."

Mr. J. R. Streeter, who is now in general charge of Frere Town, writes The Estimates Committee of the C.M.S. reckon the probable ordinary in encouraging terms of the state of the settlement, notwithstanding the expenditure of the Society for the current year at £200,167. To this

misconduct of some of the people. The farming operations, though on must be added £4,300, the adverse balance from last year, and £2,000 or

a small scale as yet, are going on well, especially at Kisulutini. The £3,000 more for emergencies; so that at least the same large amount that

Christians of Giriama, he writes, "seem hungering and thirsting after was raised last year, which included many special contributions, will be

righteousness”; and Isaac Nyondo (Mr. Rebmann's old servant) has been required for the twelve months ending March next.

sent to live among them and be their teacher. The Highland Lassie In addition to the missionaries included in the Valedictory Dismissal

continues very useful. reported last month, the following are also about to return to the field :

In May last Bishop Russell accompanied the Rev. A. E. Moule to The Revs. H. C. and R. H. Squires, for Bombay, the former to act as the

Grant Valley, the scene of the interesting conversions and painful Society's Secretary for the Western India Mission ; the Rev. J. Welland, persecution recorded in our March and June numbers, and on the 22nd for Calcutta, to resume bis secretarial duties there; the Rev. J. Erhardt

he confirmed twenty-seven of the new converts. The good work is and B. Davis, for the North-West Provinces; the Rev. J. Padfield, for spreading to other villages. the Telugu Mission; and the Rev. A. Elwin, for Hang-chow. The Rev.

Remembering the letter from Chitnio, the wife of the Rev. Ling Sieng A. Lewis, who has been accepted for the Punjab, and the Rev. Eugene Sing, of the Fuh-kien Mission, which appeared in the GLEANER of last H. Thornton, who has been appointed to North India, also sail shortly.

February, our readers will rejoice to hear that Mr. Wolfe has succeeded Mr. E. Hoernle, a son of the Rev. C. T. Hoernle, the veteran missionary

in re-occupying the great city of Kiong-Ning-Fu, whence Sieng Sing at Meerut, who has been studying medicine at Edinburgh, has offered

was so ignominiously expelled. himself to the C.M.S. as a medical missionary, and has been appointed to

In consequence of the formation of the Diocese of Lahore, a Corresthe Persia Mission, to work with the Rev. R. Bruce.

ponding Committee of the C.M.S. for the Punjab Missions has been Mr. G. G. M. Nicol, B.A., of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, an

appointed, consisting of Bishop French, General Maclagan, R. E., Colonel A. African gentleman from Sierra Leone, son of the Rev. G. Nicol, Native Davidson, H. E. Perkins, Esq., C.S., Baden Powell, Esq., C.S., Dr. Scriven, Chaplain at the Gambia, and grandson of Bishop Crowther, has offered

J. D. Tremlett, Esq., C.S., and the Rev. J. A. Stamper. The Rev. R. himself to the C.M.S. for missionary work in his own country, and been

Clark of Umritsur is Secretary to the new Committee. accepted.

We have again regretfully to report the death of one of our missionary brethren. The Rev. W. Ellington, of the Telugu Mission, died of heat

** The October Number of the GLEANER will be a Special India apoplexy on June 13th, at Bezwara, on the River Kistna. He was

Number, with Map and large Engravings.


OCTOBER, 1878.

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God has doubtless given India to England for a great and

wise purpose, not simply to impart the blessings of education,

civilisation, and enlightened government, but mainly to comEAR SIR,---It gives me sincere pleasure in writing, municate the light of heaven to her benighted inhabitants. in compliance with your request, a brief appeal on

Providence seems to say to her, like Pharaoh's daughter to behalf of my country. India is, or ought to be, Jochebed, “ Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I known too well to England to need any special will give thee thy wages.” Hence England's duty, and England's notice on my part. It is politically and inti

reward in the faithful discharge of that duty. My constant and mately connected with England. The Queen of England is

extensive travels, and the free and familiar intercourse I have the Empress of India, and the people of India are the subjects of

had with many warm-hearted Christians in this interesting the same Crown. And it is a strange circumstance that the

country for the past three months, convince me that there are Indian troops have been employed to occupy Cyprus, an order

many of God's people here who are fully alive to this duty and which has been obeyed with considerable enthusiasm on the part

responsibility. May a fresh baptism of the Spirit be vouchsafed of the troops. The bonds, then, between the two countries, from to the Church of Christ in England, and may many a heart be a political point of view, are very close and marked indeed.

quickened to a renewed and unreserved consecration to the But a higher relation than this subsists between the two

Lord's service! The present seems a fitting time for this wholecountries. English rule is unquestionably a blessing to India. hearted consecration. The European war which appeared so It has removed many social and national evils, such as suttee, inevitable has graciously been averted; and peace, and security, infanticide, slavery, &c. It has introduced many improvements, and commercial prosperity, and extension of territory without such as railways, tramways, telegraphs, free trade, equal and im- the use of the sword, have been vouchsafed to the English partial administration of law, political and civil freedom, Western

“ Peace with honour” seems to be her motto. Oh that learning, science, and civilisation. All these have their import- the nation would rise to her responsibility, and under a solemn ance and bearing in the elevation of the country, and I for one

sense of her indebtedness to the Prince of Peace, make greater value them very highly indeed.

sacrifices than ever in this noble cause, by a large gift of men But still what India needs is the Gospel. India is a great and means! Let the motto and prayer of England ever be, India country, nearly equal to Europe, and from the Himalayas to for Christ, and Peace in her borders ! Cape Comorin, has a population of 240 millions, composed of

Yours very sincerely, many races and nationalities, speaking fourteen principal

W. T. SATTHIANADHAN, languages and innumerable other dialects, and boasting of an

London, August, 1878.

Native Pastor, Chintadrepettah, Madras. ancient civilisation, literature, science, and religion. And yet it is still mainly a heathen country, and like Athens of old, full of idols and idol temples. The number of gods and goddesses

THE MAP OF INDIA. worshipped by the people is 330 millions. Idolatry is so

NDIA is not a country, but a group of countries—almost a rampant that almost every object is deified by the deluded

continent. Its relative size as compared with England multitudes. There are sacred cities, sacred rivers, sacred hills,

can be best understood by a glance at the map itself, sacred tanks, sacred trees, sacred bulls, sacred monkeys, sacred

which we give on the next page ; and it is scarcely neces

sary to add the figures, viz., that while the area of England kites, sacred snakes, sacred fishes, sacred grass; there are gods

and Wales is 51,000 square miles, that of India is 1,558,000, celestial, gods terrestrial, gods infernal; there are gods with

or thirty times as large, or that while the population of England is 21 five heads and ten arms, with three eyes, with lion and elephant millions, that of India is 240 millions. faces; there are gods noted for lying, thieving, cruelty,

About two-thirds of the whole of India is under the direct rule of impurity, and other vices which disgrace and debase humanity

Queen Victoria. The remainder consists of semi-independent Native

states, but protected and controlled by us, the most important of which all worshipped by the teeming millions of India. It is no

“the Nizam's territory” and Mysore, which between them occupy wonder then that this great country ranks low, socially and the larger part of the interior of Southern India ; Rajputana, and the morally, in the scale of civilised nations.

dominions of the famous chiefs Scindia and Holkar, in the centre of But blessed be God, even in this country, so full of abominable Northern India ; Kashmir, in the far north ; and Travancore, in the idolatry and superstition, the Gospel has achieved her triumphs. into (1) Bengal; (2) North-West Provinces, comprising (roughly

extreme south. Those parts of India under our direct rule are divided The number of Native Protestant Christians in connection with speaking) the upper waters of the Ganges and Jumna; (3) the Punjab; the different Missionary societies labouring in India is upwards (4) the Central Provinces, corresponding nearly with the territories of 300,000, and there are converts from all the various castes of marked “Gond” and “Koi” on our map; (5) Madras, which includes India, from the highest Brahmin to the lowest Madiga, many of all British Southern India; (6) Bombay, which includes all British

Western India; and then, in the extreme east, (7) Assam and (8) British whom seek to adorn the Gospel by their consistent life and con

Burmah. versation, and commend the Gospel to their fellow-countrymen. Our map does not show these political divisions, but any ordinary map

But the country needs more extended, more vigorous, and of India will do so; and ours does show what others do not, and what is more self-denying effort on the part of Christian England. far more interesting in a missionary point of view, viz., the language India needs the Gospel in all her schools and colleges, in all her

divisions; and these will help us to understand what very different races

are included among our Indian fellow-subjects. zenanas, and in all her social and national institutions. Western In the GLEANER for last January we described the mighty invasion of learning and Western civilisation are making rapid advances in India by the Aryans some 3,000 years ago. These Aryans, strictly the country, and moulding the thought and feeling of young speaking, were the ancestors of the modern Hindus. But they did not India. But the Gospel, and the Gospel alone, preached in its

find an empty land to colonise. They had been preceded by another people

whom we call Dravidians; and the Dravidians had been preceded by still native simplicity, purity, and power, is the grand lever which is

earlier settlers whom we know as Kolarians. One or two other distinct destined to lift the country to her true position in the scale of

races are reckoned within the boundaries of our Indian Empire ; but for Christian nations.

our present purpose it is enough to mention these three.


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