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LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS,

[Those marked thus * are Vignettes printed with the letter-press.]

PAGE St. John's Church, Holloway....

9 Trinity Church, Cloudesley Square, Islington

ib. St. Paul's Church, Ball's Pond, Islington .

ib. Portrait of Mr. Thomas Bewick, the Engraver on wood.

17 Wolvesley Palace, Wincbester

105 * Representations of Earl Leofric and Lady Godiva, in Trinity Churcb, Coventry 120 Portrait of George Pearson, M. D. F.R.S. .....

129 Hawkesbury Church, Gloucestershire

201 Plan of Crowland Abbey, Lincolnshire.

209 *View of the Birth-place of Dr. Young, at Upbam, Hampshire....

217 Trinity Church, St. Mary-le-bone...

297 St. Peter's Church, Pimlico.....

... ib. Representations of Carvings at Norton Fitzwarren, Somersetshire, and a Doorway at St. Mary Overy's, Southwark. ...

305 View of Abbot's Bridge, Bury St. Edmund's

393 Representations of some Roman Remains found in Warbank Field, Kent....401 *Curious Arch in a Chapel at Callipo, in Portugal ...

437 Autographs from early Albums, of the children of James the First, and their

uncles Christian King of Denmark and Ulrich Duke of Holst........489 Sir Thomas More's or Beaufort House, Chelsea.....

497 Shrewsbury or Alston House, Chelsea .......

498 *Plan of Augusta Londinum, or Roman London.

..516 St. Matthew's Church, Brixton.....

577 St. Mark's Church, Clerkenwell..

ib.

151825

PREFACE.

The Parliamentary proceedings of our present Volume will present a most important feature to the future historian. The long contested question of Catholic Emancipation has at length been conceded without the least qualification, and with scarcely a pledge for the security of the Establishment. Protestant ascendancy, it may be truly said, has thus been compromised at the shrine of political expediency. “ I had only this choice," said the noble Premier, « concession to the Catholics, or civil war.” Of two evils, he asserts, he chose the least, concession in preference to an Irish rebellion. It was not because the members of the Legislature considered the spirit of Popery as ameliorated, that this important measure was carried in its favour, but because they were in hopes that unrestricted concession might allay the rancorous party animosities which had been so long raging in the Sister Kingdom. "Had we ourselves expected such a blessing as a necessary consequence, we should never have opposed so desirable a measure ; but our opinions in this respect remain unchanged, notwithstanding the different attitude which the question has assumed. We have but little hope of the measure producing the beneficial effects which the pro-Catholics have so confidently prognosticated. The only real effect will be to elevate Popery in a Protestant State; and to place popish idolatry, as to constitutional rights, on a level with our own Protestant Church; thus depriving us of the glorious distinction, so long enjoyed and so dearly purchased, of a pure and unmixed Protestant Constitution,—that twofold shield against papal idolatry and civil servitude. As to Catholic Emancipation allaying the feuds which have so long distracted unhappy Ireland, it is folly to expect it, in its present priest-ridden and barbarous condition. Such a supposition is contrary to all experience, and even passing events tend daily to disprove it. It is a notorious fact that every concession granted to the Irish Catholics has been followed by rebellion and bloodshed, ostensibly to obtain additional privileges, but in reality to subvert the British Government, and emancipate themselves from Protestant dominion. Thus in 1778 and 1782, the penal laws against the Catholics, which the prudence of our Protestant ancestors considered necessary, were materially mitigated. Yet, a very short period afterwards the same violent spirit manifested itself in Ireland, as previous to the concessions made by Government; until, after two years' discussion, an Act was passed in 1792, permitting Catholics to be called to the Bar, to be Attornies, and to other privileges of which they had been deprived in the reign of Queen Anne. Dissatisfaction was still the order of the day ; until, at length, came the Statute of 1793, which restored or conceded to the Roman Catholics in Ireland the right of voting at elections, and relieved them from all “ penalties, forfeitures, disabilities, or incapacities." This Act opened to the Papists all civil and military offices, except about thirty, and enabled them to take university degrees. Yet, notwithstanding these very liberal concessions, which indeed exceeded the expectations of the most sanguine Catholics, a treacherous rebellion was organized in 1798, which desolated the fairest provinces, and spilt some of the best blood in Ireland. Though the Act of 1793 was expected to conciliate

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all existing factions, the spirit of rancorous hostility on the part of the Irish Papists was more inveterate than ever. Precisely the same consequences do we apprehend from the late concessions, unless timely prevented by military interference. The Romish faction, emboldened by the success attendant on clamour and menace, will never rest satisfied till Papal domination in Ireland triumphs over the ruins of the Protestant Church. Entertaining this opinion, we consider it a sacred duty, as ardent admirers of the British Constitution, to watch every future encroachment with a jealous eye. What has already been effected by the Legislature, and sanctioned by the Executive, must be submitted to as part and parcel of the law of the land; but still it behoves the true friends of their country to resist every undue advantage which may be hereafter taken by Papistical demagogues, to supplant our Protestant Constitution; and we shall certainly not slumber at our post in the time of need. If ever Romish influence should again prevail, as it once did, the horrors of the system would return. Their return, however, would be gradual, because the better principles of Protestantism, with which Catholic minds had become unconsciously embued, would, for awhile, struggle against and check the evil principles of Popery; and it would not be till the former were extinguished by the long-continued influence of an arbitrary priesthood, that the latter would display themselves in their true light. Then it would be seen, how little education (as separated from religion) had been able to effect—and how little dependance is to be placed on changes in national character and on intellectual progress, to stem the torrent of superstition and bigotry. An enlightened and elevated Protestantism is the only antidote to Popery: if we are indifferent to this, we shall present no adequate barrier against the encroachments of a system which can brook no rivalry, and which, when possessed of authority, can allow no difference of sentiment. The comparison of English with Irish Catholics will confirm these positions. Where Popery prevails, how cruel is the systemhow unfeeling are the minds of its adherents—how debased the character of the mass of its population! They are the slaves of an imperious priesthood; and rejoice to bind around them the chains which keep them in hopeless misery and in deep delusion. Why is it that in no country on earth are Catholics more wretched than in Ireland ; but because they are no where more abject tools of the Papacy ?-and why is it that in no country are they more happy and enlightened than in England, but because they are no where else so free from the direct and powerful operation of their own system?

The Commissioners for the Building of New Churches are steadily proceeding with their laudable objects; and our readers will be gratified to notice the successful result of their labours,-an abstract of which will be found at p. 637. In the present volume we have given illustrative engravings of seven new Churches recently erected under ther. Jypicus, in the vicinity of London, as will be seen in the List of Embellishments. The descriptions which accompany them are from the pen of a gentleman who is intimately acquainted with every minutia of architectural detail.

To our numerous and valuable correspondents we tender our warmest acknowledgments.

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THE

Lendos Gazette

Heref. Herts. Hull3

Tinars --M. Journal.

Hunts ....)pswich

M. Chronicle-Post

Kent 4.. Lancaster

M. Herald--Ledger

Leeds 3.. Leicester 3

1. Adver, - Courier

Lichfield.Liverpool8

Globe-Standard

Macclesfi.2. Maidst ?

Sac-Sur-Brit. Trav.

Manchester 6

St. Jarger's Chron.

Newcastle on Tyne

Norfolk Norwich

Literary Gazette

Weekly Review

N.Wales. Northamp

Commer. Chronicle

Nottingham4 .Oxf?

Packet-Evea. Mail

Plymouth..Prestone

Evening Chronicle

Reading... Rochdale

voorier de Londres

Rochester..Salisbury

* Weekly Papers

Shetfield4..Shrewsb.

eo Sunday Papers

Sherburne...Stafford

Bath 4-Berkes.-Bery.

Staffordsh Potteries!

Birmingham ?

Stamford2 Stockport

Blackburn-Bolton

Southampton.Suffulk

Boston-Brighton

Surrey 2...Sussex

Bradfd --Bridgwater

Taunton...Tyne

Bristol Bucks

Wakefield... Warw. 2

Sary 9-Cambrian

West Briton (Truro)

Cambridge-Carlisle

Western (Exeter)

Carmarth.--Chelmsf.

Westmoreland :

Chelten...-Chest, £

Weymouth

Colchester.Corowall

Windsor

Coventry3 Cumberl.

Wolverhampton

Derby Devon

Worcester ... York 4

Devonport 2-Devizes

Man 3...Jerseys

Doncaster-Dorchesc.

Guernsey 3

Dorset -Durham

Scotland 36

Essez---Exeter 6

JANUARY, 1829.

Ireland 58

Gloucest. 8--Hants?

[PUBLISHED FEBRUARY 2, 1829.]

Original Communications. Kennedy on Practice of Tenantry, &c.........35

MISOR CORRESPONDENCE...............

Hodgson's History of Northumberland. ......38

The Doctor of Sancho Panza.... .........3

Fisher's Antiquitics of Bedfordshire............39

Sweet's Hortus Britannicus ......,
Trinitarian System of Eccles. Architecture. ...4
Mr. Logan's Remarks on the name Celt......5

Wilson's Sermons,40.-Neele's Lit Remains41

Dr. Dominiceti's Baths at Chelsea ; and Cer-

Bowles's Hermes Britannicus

..................43

tificate of the Nobility of his Family......6, 7

Bowles's Days Departed.

........46

Abp. Laurence's Dedication to Ld. Liverpool ib. Shaksperiana, 48.–Stevens ou teaching Latiu50

Inquiry relative to Dr. Aubrey and Family ....8

The Foreigo Review, No. IV......

52

..............55

Correction of Apprentices? --Dr. Loss ?......ib. Beckington's Journal ......

New CHURCHES. --St. John's and St. Paul's Seripon by the Bishop of London,

.57

Churebes, Islington......

Croker's Legends of the Lakes of Killarney .58

..........9, 11
Ronnd Tower in the Isle of Man...............14

Annual Biography, 61.-Annual Peerage ....63

Ranic Inscription on Mr. Cumberland's Ring 15

Debrett's Baronetage—Moore's Puenas, &c. .64

FINE ARTS ........

Dr. Lipscomb's History of Buckinghamshire 16

................................65

Memoir of Mr. Thomas Bewiek ..............17

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.-New Publications..66

Defence of Evangelical Doctrines ..

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.

.69

............20

bribery of Bible and Jew Conversion Societies 21

Select POETRY.

On the Origin of “ Windy Saturday”.........24

Historical Thronicle,
Mr. Nicolas on the “ Siege of Carlaverock,"

Foreign News, 72.-Domestic Occurrences...74
and the Romance of “Guy Earl of Warwick," 25

Promotions, &c. 79.–Births and Marriages ... 80
Os the Disinterment of Hampden.............30

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of the Earl of Li.
Mr. Hanter on a Roman Inscription at Bath 81 verpool; Lord Zouche; S.rw.destron,
Mr. Bowles on the docient Wansdike .........ib. Bart. ; Adiniral Spry; Capt. G. P. Monke;
Queen Elizabeth's Visit to Portsmouth 1591,82

Gen. Sir Baldwin Leighton, Bart. ; Capt.

R. B. Tom; Dean Waddilove, &c. &c. ...81
Hirview of New Publications. Markets.-Bill of Mortality, 94.-Shares ...95
Arundel's Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia 33 Meteorological Diary.—Prices of Stocks. ... 96

Embellished with Views of the Three New CHURChes at Islington, Middlesex ;
And with a Portrait of Mr. Thomas Bewick, the celebrated Engraver on Wood.

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. We are requested by Mr. Bowles to say, widow of George, fourth Lord Carbery, who that liis observations in his Poein on “Ban- died issueless in 1807, and only child of well-bill," and notes (quoted in the first Colonel Henry Watson, Chief Engineer at pages of our December uumber) are intended Bengal (see bis memoir iu vol. lvi. pt. ii. to apply only to those who, of whatever p. 996). Her ladyship brought a large forpersuasion, or class, preach against morals tune to her Lord; after whose decease she as forming no part of the Christian code. married, secondly, in 1806, his cousin, He is persuaded of the pernicious effects of George Freke Evans, Esq. next brother and such doctrines, in every part of the country. presumptive heir to John the sixth and pre

W. S. begs to call the attention of our sent Lord Carbery, by whom she had no readers to the important fact of the Bishop issue. Had her second husband survived of London furbidding Christ Church to be his elder brother in her life-time, her Ladyused by the “ Society for the sale of Reli- ship would have been successively Baroness gions Books" for their Anniversary Sermon. Carbery, dowager Baroness Carbery, and The reason alleged is the existence of Dis- Again Baroness Carbery,—the present Lord's senters upon the Committee:--his Lordship wife changing position with his younger having refused to sanction any union be- brother's wife, a circumstance unprecetween the Established Church and Dissenters dented in the annals of the Peerage. in his diocese.

J. P. inquires as to the mode of paying The old Font engraved in the November Counsel and Physicians, prior to the coinage Magazine, p. 445, is no longer in Stepney of Guineas. Whether in even pounds, or Church. It was removed in 1806; and a how otherwise ? modern one in the style of the Tudor archi- Pray who was Samuel Leedes? whose tecture substituted for it.

The present

name and very numerous notes and observafont is constructed of the imitation stone tions in a remarkably fine hand-writing ! of Messrs. Coade and Co. and is probably observe on the margin and blank leaves of cast in the same mould as that at Depden.- a copy of Magna Britannia Antiqua et Nova, It stands on the site of the older one; and in six vols. small quarto. Loudon, priuted the staple, by which the cover of that was for Cæsar Ward and Richard Chandler, 1738, drawn up, still remains. E. I, C.

which I accidentally purchased some time Vol. xcvii. ii. p. 559, I. 5, for Earl of since. These entries, some of which are Winchester read Marquess of Winchester. extremely curious, both critical and topoP. 571.

We were not quite correct as to graphical, seem to indicate that he was a Charles Wolsey Johnson. He was the third clergyman. One of them is as follows: and youngest son of the Rev. Wolsey John. " Si Matthew Decker, of St. Janies's800, of Olney, Bucks, and of Wytham-on- square and Richmond, father to my young the-Hill in the county of Lincoln, who died patroness Mrs. Croftes, yo generous donour in April 1756. The Rev. C. W. Johnson of these 6 volumes, to me Sam. Leedes, married Jan. 6, 1787, Elizabeth, daughter A. D. 1739. Ye now Lady Fitzwilliam came of Rev. John Linton, of Freiston, near Bos- and brought them wth her own hand; graton in Lincoloshire, who survives him, and tius est pulchro veniens e corpore Donum." without issue. He was presented to the -I find Samuel Leedes among the CamVicarage of Wytham-on-the-Hill in 1786, bridge Graduates of Queen’s-college, A. B. by his brother George William Johnson, 1701, A. M. 1705; and another of the who died in February 1814 unmarried. The same name of Clare-hall, A, B. 1677, spelt family is now represented by Col. William Leeds; but when he took his Master's deAugustus Johnson, the eldest son of the gree in 1681 Leedes. It is scarcely probaRev. Robert Augustus Johnson (second son Lle that the Samuel Leedes above-mentioned of Wolsey above-bained) by Anna Rebecca, was the same with the last, but might have youngest sister of Williain sixth Lord Cra- been the former ; and any further informa

Col. Johnson is eighth in descent tion respecting him or his works, his family, from Archdeacon Robert Johnson, the mu- or where be was beneficed and resided, would nificent founder of Oakbam and Uppingham much gratify the curiosity which has been Grammar Schools. The family were first excited by reading his manuscript observasettled at Milton Bryant; and one branch tions, which seem to indicale a mind well is represented by Sir Robert Inglis, whose stored with literature, and evince great infather Sir Hugh married an heiress of the dustry of research. family. They were also settled at Clipsham The communications of Dr. Meyrick, Mr. in Rutland, and thence removed to Olney, Brewer, Mr. Tradescant Lay, of J. and and thence to Wytham.

several others, are unavoidably postponed P. 573. Catherine Charlotte Lady Car- until next month. To the recommendation bery is not dead : the Lady Carbery who of An Old Subscriber we shall also attend died at her seat, Laxton-hall, co. Northamp- hereafter. ton, was Susan dowager Baroness Carbery,

ven.

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