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TEXT. . 5 Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers, by whom ye

believed, even as the Lord gave to every man ? 6 I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. 7 So then, neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that

watereth; but God, that giveth the increase. 8 Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, are one; and every

man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.

PARAPHRASE.

to barely human principles, and not as spiritual men, acknowledge all that information, and all those gifts, wherewith the ministers of Jesus Christ are furnished, for the propagation of the Gospel, to come wholly from the Spirit of God?

What, then, are any of the preachers of the Gospel, that you should glory in them, and divide into parties, under their 5 names? Who, for example, is Paul, or who Apollos ? What

are they else, but bare ministers, by whose ministry, according to those several abilities and gifts, which God has bestowed upon each of them, ye have received the Gospel ? They are only servants, employed to bring unto you a religion, derived entirely from divine revelation, wherein human abilities, or wisdom, had nothing to do. The preachers of it are only instruments, by whom this doctrine is conveyed to you, which, whether you look on it in its original, it is not a thing of human invention or discovery; or whether you look upon the gifts of the teachers, who instruct you in it, all is entirely from

God alone, and affords you not the least ground to attribute 6 any thing to your teachers. For example, I planted it

amongst you, and Apollos watered it: but nothing can from

thence be ascribed to either of us: there is no reason for your 7 calling yourselves, some of Paul, and others of Apollos. For

neither the planter, nor the waterer, have any power to make it take root, and grow in your hearts; they are as nothing, in

that respect; the growth and success is owing to God alone. 8 The planter and the waterer, on this account, are all one,

neither of them to be magnified, or preferred, before the other; they are but instruments, concurring to the same end, and therefore ought not to be distinguished, and set in opposition one to another, or cried up, as more deserving one than TEXT. 9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry,

NOTE.

membered, that he speaks so of himself too, which, as it was the less invidious way, in regard of himself, so it was the softer way towards his opposers, though he seems to intimate plainly, that it was one leader that was set up against him.

ye are God's building. 10 According to the grace of God, which is given unto me, as a wise

master-builder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth

thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. 11 For other foundation can no man lay, than that is laid, which

Jesus Christ. 12 Now, if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious

stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 Every man's work shall be made manifest. For the day shall

declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try

every man's work, of what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall

receive a reward.

PARAPHRASE. 9 another. We, the preachers of the Gospel, are but labourers,

employed by God, about that which is his work, and from him shall receive reward hereafter, every one according to his own labour; and not from men here, who are liable to make a wrong estimate of the labours of their teachers, preferring those, who do not labour together with God, who do not carry on the design, or work of God, in the Gospel, or per

haps do not carry it on, equally with others, who are under10 valued by them. Ye who are the church of God, are God's

building, in which I, according to the skill and knowledge which God, of his free bounty, has been pleased to give me, and therefore ought not to be to me, or any other, matter of glorying, as a skilful architect, have laid å sure foundation,

which is Jesus, the Messiah, the sole and only foundation of 11 Christianity, Besides which, no man can lay any other. But,

though no man, who pretends to be a preacher of the Gospel, can build upon any other foundation, yet you ought not to cry up your new instructori (who has come and built upon the foundation, that I laid) for the doctrines, he builds there

on, as if there were no other minister of the Gospel but he. 12 For it is possible a man may build, upon that true foundation,

wood, hay, and stubble, things that will not bear the test, 13 when the trial by fire, at the last day, shall come. At that

day, every man's work shall be tried and discovered, of what 14 sort it is. If what he hath taught be sound and good, and

will stand the trial, as silver and gold, and precious stones

NOTES. 11 1 Chap. iv. 15. In this, he reflects on the false apostle, 2 Cor. x. 15, 16. 12 k When the day of trial and recompense shall be; see chap. iv. 5, where he

speaks of the same thing.

TEXT. 15 If any man's work shall be burnt, he shall suffer loss : but he him

self shall be saved; yet so as by fire. 16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of

God dwelleth in you? 17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy: for

the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.. 18 Let no man deceive himself: if any man among you seemeth to be

wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.

PARAPHRASE. abide in the fire, he shall be rewarded for his labour in the 15 Gospel. But, if he hath introduced false or unsound doctrines

into Christianity, he shall be like a man, whose building, being of wood, hay, and stubble, is consumed by the fire, all

his pains in building is lost, and his works destroyed and 16

gone, though he himself should escape and be saved. I told

you, that ye are God's building'; yea, more than that, ye are 17 the temple of God, in which his Spirit dwelleth. If any

man, by corrupt doctrine or discipline, defileth m the temple of God, he shall not be saved with loss, as by fire; but him

will God destroy : for the temple of God is holy, which 18 temple ye are. Let no man deceive himself, by his success

in carrying his point": if any one seemeth to himself, or others, wise°, in worldly wisdom, so as to pride himself in his parts and dexterity, in compassing his ends ; let him renounce all his natural and acquired parts, all his knowledge and ability, that he may become truly wise, in embracing

NOTES. 16 Vid. ver. 9. 17 m It is not incongruous to think, that by any man, here, St. Paul designs one

particular man, viz. the false apostle, who, it is probable, by the strength of his party, supporting and retaining the fornicator, mentioned ch. v. in the church, had defiled it; which may be the reasov, why St. Paul so often mentions fornication, in this epistle, and that, in some places, with particular emphasis, as chap. v. 9, and vi. 13-20. Most of the disorders, in this church, we may look on as owing to this false apostle; which is the reason, why St. Paul sets himself so much against him, in both these epistles, and makes almost the whole business of them, to draw the Corinthians off-from their leader, judging, as it is like, that this church could not be reformed, as long as that person was in credit,

and had a party among them. 18. What it was, wherein the craftiness of the person mentioned had appeared, it

was not necessary for St. Paul, writing to the Corinthians, who knew the matter of fact, to particularize to us: therefore it is left to guess, and possibly we shall not be much out, if we take it to be the keeping the fornicator from censure, so much insisted on by St. Paul, chap. v. • That by popds, here, the apostle means a cunning man in business, is plain from his quotation in the next verse, where the Wise, spoken of, are the crafty.

VOL. VIII.

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TEXT.

19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is

written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness. 20 And again, The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they

are vain. 21 Therefore let no man glory in men: for all things are yours: 22 Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death,

or things present, or things to come; all are yours: 23 And ye are Christ's; and Christ is God's. IV. I Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and

stewards of the mysteries of God. 2 Moreover it is required in stewards,that a man be found faithful. 3 But with me it is a very small thing, that I should be judged of

you, or of man's judgment : yea, I judge not mine own self.

PARAPHRASE.

own

and owning no other knowledge, but the simplicity of the 19 Gospel. For all other wisdom, all the wisdom of the world,

is foolishness with God. For it is written, “ He taketh the 20 wise in their craftiness.” And again, “ The Lord

knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain." 21 Therefore, let none of you glory in any of your teachers ; 22 for they are but men. For all your teachers, whether Paul,

or Apollos, or Peter, even the apostles themselves, nay, all
the world, and even the world to come, all things are yours,
for
your

sake and use :
23 As you are Christ's, subjects of his kingdom, for his glory;

and Christ, and his kingdom, for the glory of God. Therefore, if all your teachers, and so many other greater things, are for you, and for your sakes, you can have no reason to make it a glory to you, that you belong to this, or that, particular teacher amongst you: your true glory is, that you are Christ's, and Christ and all his are God's; and not that

you are this or that man's scholar or follower. 1 As for me, I pretend not to set up a school amongst you, and

as a master to have my scholars denominated from me; no, let no man have higher thoughts of me, than as a minister of Christ, employed as his steward, to dispense the truths and doctrines of the Gospel, which are the mysteries which God wrapped up, in types and obscure predictions, where they

have lain hid, till by us, his apostles, he now reveals them. 2 Now that, which is principally required and regarded in a

steward, is, that he be faithful in dispensing what 'is com3 mitted to his charge. But as for me, I value it not, if I am

censured by some of you, or by any man, as not being a faithful steward: nay, as to this, I pass no judgment on my

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TEXT. 4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but

he that judgeth me is the Lord. 5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who

both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have

praise of God. 6 And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself,

and to Apollos, for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be

puffed up for one against another. 7 For who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast thou

that thou didst not receive? Now, if thou didst receive it, why

dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received it ? 8 Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without

PARAPHRASE.

4 self. For though I can truly say, that I know nothing by my

self, yet am I not hereby justified to you : but the Lord, whose steward I am, at the last day will pronounce sentence on my

behaviour in my stewardship, and then you will know what to 5 think of me. Then judge not either me, or others, before the- .

time, until the Lord come, who will bring to light the dark and secret counsels of men's hearts, in preaching the Gospel : and then shall every one have that praise, that estimate set upon him, by God himself, which he truly deserves. But

praise ought not to be given them, before the time, by their 6 hearers, who are ignorant, fallible men. On this occasion, I

have named Apollos and myself, as the magnified and opposed heads of distinct factions amongst you; not that we are so, but out of respect to you, that I might offend nobody, by naming them; and that you might learn by us, of whom I have written , that we are but planters, waterers, and stewards, not to think of the ministers of the Gospel above what I have written to you of them, that you be not puffed up, party, in the vain-glory of their own extolled leader, to the crying

down and contempt of any other, who is well esteemed of by ny others. For what maketh one to differ from another? or what

gifts of the Spirit, what knowledge of the Gospel has any leader amongst you, which he received not, as intrusted to him of God, and not acquired by his own abilities? And if he received

it as a steward, why does he glory in that, which is not his 8 own ? However, you are mightily satisfied with your present

state ; you now are full, you now are rich, and abound in

up, each

6 ' Vid. chap. iii. 4.

NOTES.
9 Vid. chap. iii. 6, 9. chap. iv. I.

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