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seded by the admirable vindication of Ecclesiastical endowments from the

pen

of an eminent professor ;. whose genius, ever piously and eloquently active, will long, it is hoped, be continued to his admiring country, and to the establishment which he adorns. The author cannot conclude without expressing his hope, that the sentiments of an individual so highly valued by our dissenting brethren as Dr. Chalmers, on the subject of establishments, will soften thei asperities, and lead their minds to greater delicacy and hesitation in opposing long-established Christian institutions.

133, George Street, Edinburgh, 1832.

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DISSERTATION I.

ON EPISCOPACY.

CHAPTER I.

“ The foul practices which have been used for the overthrow of Bishops, may, perhaps, wax bold in process of time, to give the like assault even there, from whence at this present they are most seconded. Nor let it over-dismay them who suffer such things at the hands of this most unkind world, to see that heavenly estate and dignity thus conculcated, in regard whereof so many their predecessors were no less esteemed than if they had not been men, but angels amongst men. With former Bishops it was as with Job, in the days of that prosperity which at large he describeth, saying, 'Unto me men gave ear ; they waited and held their tongue at my counsel ; after my words they replied not ; I appointed out their way, and did sit as chief: I dwelt as it had been a king in an army.'-At this day the case is otherwise with them ; and yet no otherwise than with the self-same Job at what time the alteration of his estate wrested these contrary speeches from him ; 'But now they that are younger than I mock at me; the children of fools, and offspring of slaves, creatures more base than the earth they tread on ; such as if they did shew their heads, young and old would shout at them and chase them through the street with a cry, their song I am, I am a theme for them to talk on.'

An injury less grievous, if it were not offered by them whom Satan had through his fraud and subtilty so far beguiled, as to make them imagine herein they do unto God a part of most faithful service. Whereas the Lord in truth, whom they serve herein, is, as St. Cyprian telleth them, like not Christ (for he it is that doth appoint and protect Bishops) but rather Christ's adversary and enemy of his Church. A thousand five hundred years and upwards the church of Christ hath now continued under the sacred regiment of Bishops. Neither for so long hath Christianity been ever planted in any kingdom throughout the world but with this kind of government alone ; which to have been ordained of God, I am for mine own part even as resolutely persuaded, as that any other kind of government in the world whatsoever is of God.”Hooker. Eccles. Polity.

DISS. I.

CHAP. I.

THREE distinct ecclesiastical orders existed at the Episcopacy

universal period of the Reformation, throughout every part till the time of the Christian world, under the name of Bishops, formation.

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