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earthly resemblance. He would have been removed from the shadows of this world to the realities of a better. His removal must have differed in the manner of it, froin that in which we oow live, or ought to live, in expectation. · Without sin, death could have had no power over him. He would have been translated alive, as Enoch and Elijah, for particular purposes, afterwards were, The change would have been wrought in him at once, as it was in them, and as it will be in those who shall be found alive at the coming of our Lord to judgernent.

When transgression had subjected Adam to a sentence of condemnation, the case was altered. Glory and immortality could no longer be obtained upon the terms of the first covenant, now broken and void. The very attempt became criminal. Man was to be put under a new covenant, and in a new course of trial. He was to suffer in the flesh for sin, and to pay the penalty of death. But, through the merits of a surety, that death was to be made the gate of immortality. By faith he was to acquire, upon the mediatorial plan, a fresh right or power to eat of the tree of life, and live for ever, after the resurrection from the dead, with his propitiated and reconciled Maker. In mercy, therefore, he was excluded from the garden of Eden, and from the original symbol of that eternal life, which was now to be sought after by other means, and represented by other sacraments. He was sent forth into the world, to pass his time in toil, pain, and sorrow; in mourning, contrition, and penance; till death should set him free, and introduce him to the joys purchased and prepared for him by that blessed Person, “in whom is “ life, and the life is the light of men".” The same divine Person was always the source of immortality, however the sacred symbols, instituted to adumbrate it, have been varied under different dispensations. To our first parents, before the fall, he stood in the relation of Creator and Lord. To them, and to their posterity, since that sad catastrophe, he hath stood, and ever continueth to stand, in the new relation of Saviour and Redeemer. The man who doth not now acknowledge him in this latter character, will find him, in the former, an avenger to execute wrath : and what wrath can be so fierce and terrible as that of the Lamb? It is oil set on fire. The sinner, unless he be in love with condemnation, must not revert to the first covenant, and aim at the acquisition of eternal life on the foot of the law of works, or the performance of unsinning obedience. In this case the rebel claims promotion instead of suing for pardon. He puts forth his hand to the fruit of the now forbidden tree, which is no longer food for man. Its nature is changed with our condition. To the eye of human pride it still looks fair and tempting; but its contents, when eaten, are ashes and sulphur; and immortality, without redemption, would prove the reverse of a blessing.

Such being the state of this matter, and the order of the divine economy concerning it, all that is said in the Scriptures from the fall downward, with regard to the new method of obtaining eternal life, and the

& John, i. 4.

appointed means of so doing, will throw light backward, and serve to illustrate the account already given of the tree of life in Paradise.

To this end may be adduced the texts which speak of the Redeemer, his religion, truth, grace, and salvation, under the very original expression of the tree of life.

And here, the first place is due to that charming description, left us by king Solomon in the Proverbs, of divine wisdom personified, and represented as having been with God in the beginning, yet rejoicing in the habitable parts of the earth, and delighting to be with the sons of men; as the way, the light, and the life, the author and giver of peace and comfort, joy and gladness; the Creator of all things, by whom the worlds were made, and without whom was not any thing made that was made.-"Happy,” says the great teacher of Israel, “happy is the man that “ findeth Wisdom, and the man that getteth under

standing. For the merchandise of it is better than “ the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof “ than fine gold. She is more precious than rubies; “ and all the things thou canst desire are not to be “compared unto her. Length of days is in her right “ hand, and in her left hand riches and honour. Her

ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths

are peace. She is a tree of life to them that lay “hold upon her, and happy is every one that re"taineth her.

Thus, in another place : “ The fruit of the right

e Prov. iii. 13, &c.

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eous is a tree of life ; and he that winneth souls " is wise ?." The fruit produced by the righteous, through grace, copious, fair, and well flavoured, like that which once grew upon the tree of life, invites all beholders to come and partake, with its owner, of that glory and immortality with which it shall one day be crowned. And surely he, who, by these means, winneth souls by righteousness and salvation, is wise indeed! He resembles the Eternal Wisdom, the Son of God himself, who came down from heaven to win souls, when the fruit of the righteous was the true tree of life.

Again—“A wholesome or healing tongue is a tree of life; but perverseness therein is a breach “ of the spirit 8."

If this be so in what passes about the affairs of the present world, how much more, when the concerns of another make the subject of conversation ! When we extend the proverb to them, we cannot but think of the two capital instances in which it was most signally verified. We detest the tongue that

perverted” mankind from the path of life, and made a "breach in the spirit,” at which sin entered, and death by sin. But everlasting benediction be upon that tongue which spake, as no other ever did or could speak, pardon, peace, and comfort to lost mankind. That was the tree of life, whose leaves were for the healing of the nations. “ With the tongue confession is made unto salvation.Once more: “Hope deferred maketh the heart “sick ; but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of “ life." This likewise is true, in temporals, of any object long wished for, and at last possessed; but it is emphatically so of the hope of salvation, which, while it is deferred, maketh the heart sick; as we may find by the pathetic and forcible exclamations of those who waited for it in old time. But when the desire, that is, the object of the desire-he whom so many prophets and kings had earnestly desired to see--he who was the desire of all nations.”----when he came, he proved the tree of life restored in the Paradise of God.

f Prov. xi. 30.

& Proy, xv. 4.

Two remarkable representations of things spiritual and divine, under the Gospel dispensation, or in the kingdom of heaven, were exhibited to Ezekiel and St. John. Let us compare them with each other, and both of them with the original scenery in Paradise, from which the images are evidently borrowed, and to which unless they are again referred, they lose half their beauty and significancy.

In Ezekiel's vision of the Christian church, under the figure of the second temple, he tells us, he saw “ waters issuing from the saņctuary, and giving uni“ versal life, wherever they went'." St. John saw

a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding “ from the throne of God and the Lambk.” And

a river" we know, "went forth” at the beginning, to water and make glad the garden of God in Eden.

“ Op the banks of the river, on this side, and on

h Prov. xiii, 12.

Ezek. xlvii. 1-9.

k Rev. xxii...

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