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Gebrauch. III. Teil. 2. Lieferung (Pedersen). This completes the new edition, which treats, with much new material, the subjects treated by Brugmann in the first edition together with those treated by Delbrück in the first two volumes (only) of his Syntax.

Sept. 8. J. Kaerst, Geschichte des Hellenismus. Bd. I. (Philipp). Second edition, considerably enlarged. A. Ledl, Studien zur älteren athenischen Verfassungsgeschichte (Lenschau). A number of separate studies. The reviewer gives a summary of the more important results. H. Blümner contributes to this number a long and interesting paper on the word yopurós (Hom. Od. XXI. 54). He shows that it means not a bow-case,' as is stated in many of the lexica, etc., but a quiver of a particular kind with two straps for holding the bow. This is the meaning which has long been attached to the word by archaeologists. Man bezeichnet damit zum Unterschiede von dem Zylinderförmigen, in der Regel an der linken Schulter getragenen Köcher, der zum einteiligen griechischen Bogen gehört, den zum dreiteiligen Bogen des Herakles, der Amazonen und der Skythen gehörigen Köcher, der im Querschnitt Birnenform hat, mit zwei Riemen oder breiten Bändern versehen ist, durch die der Bogen bei Nichtgebrauch hindurchgesteckt wurde, und der in der Regel an der linken Hüfte getragen wird.' B. examines the passages in which the Greek word or its Latin derivative is found.

Classical Philology. XII. 3. 1917.

A. J. Carnoy, Hesiod's Description of Winter. Defence of the genuineness of Works and Days 493-560. W. L. Westermann, Aelius Gallus and the Reorganization of the Irrigation of Egypt under Augustus. The important work of securing Rome its corn supply by the cleaning out of the Nile canals was put in hand by Aelius Gallus, from whom Strabo derived his accurate knowledge of the irrigation system. J. A. Scott, Odysseus as a Sun God. A theory resting on ignorance and misstatement. Jefferson Elmore, The Subjunctive in Restrictive qui and quod clauses. The relative is indefinite or generalizing, and so all the clauses as e.g. quod sciam are capable of taking the subjunctive. quod sciam originally related to the future and was thence transferred to the present and past. E. T. Merrill, On a Venetian Codex of Pliny's Letters. Discusses the peculiarities of a portion of a miscellaneous MS. catalogued as Lat. Class. XI. cod. xxxvii. C. D. Adams, Demosthenes' Avoidance of Breves. Examines the theories of Blass taking Butcher's Oxford text as his basis. His general conclusion is that the avoidance of breues is a feature of Demosthenes' style. C. D. Buck, Studies in Greek Noun-formation (continued). Deals with words with genitive in -wTOS. In Notes and Discussions P. Shorey elucidates the meaning of exeps easy-going' 'unfastidious' with especial reference to Plato Politicus 266 C, where it is applied to the pig.

XII. 4. 1917.

G. L. Hendrickson, Horace and Valerius Cato. III. The Neoteric Poets and the Latin Purists.' The group of critics against whom Horace is writing, and of whom Valerius Cato is the chief, is one of professional scholars (grammatici). Their opponents are dilettanti under the patronage of magnates like Maecenas, Asinius and Messalla, who were not in sympathy with the ultra-Hellenistic and Alexandrine tendencies of the new school which had been inaugurated by Catullus and Cinna, and sought to banish Greek expressions as far as possible from Roman speech. Of these was Tibullus, but neither Ovid nor, still less, Propertius, G. Norlin, Ethnology and the Golden Age. An examination of the various notices by Greek writers of the 'barbari' with whom Greece came into contact shows that they were confronted by

two sets of facts with regard to primitive peoples-one which pointed to the theory that their state was one of brutal savagery, and another which suggested that it was one of innocent simplicity. On the first theory the Golden Age' was in the future; on the second it had disappeared with the past. D. R. Stuart, The Sources and Extent of Petrarch's Knowledge of the Life of Vergil. A long and detailed examination, from which it is argued that there is nothing to demonstrate that Petrarch was acquainted with the 'Suetonian' life of Donatus. H. W. Prescott, The Antecedents of Hellenistic Comedy (Part I.). The view expressed by Aristotle in the Poetics that the invention of plots was introduced into Athens from Sicily and supplanted the Old (scurrilous) Comedy is corroborated to a certain extent by other statements; but the extant fragments of the Middle Comedy have little to confirm it. Notwithstanding this we must be wary of accepting the view that the Hellenistic or New Comedy was a development of the Euripidean Tragedy or of a combination of this with the 'Old ' Comedy. W. L. Westermann, Land Reclamation in the Fayum under Ptolemies Philadelphus and Euergetes I. Fixes the reclamation as being effected (under Cleon as aρxitéкTwv, 260 and earlier, up to 251 approximately) in the period 270-237. Amongst Notes and Discussions Professor Elmore criticizes Professor Reid's interpretation of professio as 'statement of a debt' in Cic. Att. xiii. 31. 1 and Fam. xvi. 23. I instead of a 'return of property.' C. Knapp revives A. Palmer's explanation of quo (ne) in Hor: S. ii. 1. 37 as abl. after uacuum. P. Shorey suggests that ékeívov toû ȧvôpós in Plat. Rep. 368A is a Pythagorean allusion; he compares Iamblichus Vit. Pythag. 88 and 255. A. R. Anderson cites Greek constructions with pyov to elucidate that of opus est with the gen.

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May 5. T. Hammer-Jensen, Deux Papyrus à contenu d'ordre chimique (Diels). The method is inadequate.

May 12. E. Löfstedt, Tertullian's Apologeticum (Heinze). The Fuldensis has been over-estimated.

May 19. H. Huber, Untersuchungen über den Sprachcharakter des griechischen Leviticus (Helbing). A model for all syntactical investigations of the LXX. May 26. H. von Arnim, Gerechtigkeit und Nutzen in der griechischen Aufklärungsphilosophie (Jacoby). On the fragments of Antiphon repì ảλŋseías.

June 2. Fr. Preisigke, Antikes Leben nach den ägyptischen Papyri (Schubart). This work is mainly concerned with details, and does not treat of the dominant features.

June 9. Th. Schwab, Alexander Numeniu Пepì σxnpárov in seinem Verhältniss zu Kaikilios, Tiberios und seinen späteren Benützern (von Fleschenberg). The author rightly tries to prove, in opposition to Stensloff, that the book is the original work of Alexander.

June 23. A. Döhring, Griechische Heroen und Abendgeister (Weinreich). A failure. July 14. O. Apelt, Platons Staat. New translation by O. A.; Platons Gesetze, translated and explained by O. A. (Moog). Careful and delicate work.

July 21. J. Wackernagel, Sprachliche Untersuchungen zu Homer (Schwyzer). Written with learning and clearness, but new results on this subject can only concern details. A. Tenne, Kriegsschiffe zu den Zeiten der alten Griechen und Römer (Voigt). The results are interesting, but not always convincing or conclusive.

July 28. F. Sommer, Sprachgeschichtliche Erläuterungen für den griechischen Unterricht (Hermann). The book merits high praise; it is to be hoped that the second edition will deal with the syntax also.

Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen. 1917.

I, II. K. Miller, Itineraria Romana (Kubitschek). A complete failure. Hans Gross, Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Tabula Peutingeriana (Kubitschek). Valuable. IV, V. Erich Bethe, Homer, Dichtung und Sage (Cauer). Written with much ingenuity, but incorrect in the main issues.

VI. H. Stuart Jones, Catalogue of the Ancient Sculptures preserved in the Municipal Collections of Rome. The Sculptures of the Museo Capitolino (Robert). The descriptions are brief and clear, the interpretation not always correct. M. Bieber, Die antiken Skulpturen und Bronzen des Königl. Museum Fridericianum in Cassel (Robert). An excellent work.

Hermes. LII. 1.

W. A. Baehrens, Literarhistorische Beiträge. IV. Über die Lebenszeit des Cornelius Labeo. Labeo was a younger contemporary of Porphyrius; he did not, therefore, live in the first century A.D. H. F. Müller, Plotinische Studien. IV. Zur Ethik des Plotinos. V. IIepì evdaiμovías (Enn. I. 4). On Enn. I. 2-7. Contains analysis and textual criticism. G. Wissowa, Das Prooemium von Vergils Georgica. On the twelve gods of agriculture. H. Schöne, Τὸ τοῦ Τραιανοῦ γυμνάσιον bei Galenos. This gymnasium (Galenus, ОepaжEUTIKÝ μéłodos, XIII. 15; Lucian, De morte Peregrini XXXVI.), where the Cynic Theagenes gave his lectures, was the Thermae Traiani in Rome, not a part of Pergamum: Theagenes died in Rome. P. Lehmann, Zur Kenntnis und Geschichte einiger Johannes Scottus zugeschriebener Werke. I. Die Disputatio Iohannis Scotti cum Theodoro Graeco und die Clauis physicae des Honorius Augustodunensis. II. De egressu animae, De uisione Dei, und die Übersetzung der Ambigua Maximi. III. Aus der Bibliothek eines Freundes des Johannes Scottus. M. Wellmann, Übersehenes. I. Ps.- Eustatios (Commentary to the Hexaemeron) takes some passages from Achilles Tatius, others from Philon of Alexandria. Achilles Tatius lived about 300 A.D. II. Hierocles, 'HOK) σToixeiwois (Pap. Berol. 9780) depends on the Stoic Antipater Tepi (wwv. P. Boesch, Zu einigen Theodorokeninschriften.

LII. 2.

H. Mutschmann, Das Genesiscitat in Пepì fovs (IX. 9). Controverts Ziegler (Hermes L. pp. 572-603), who thought that the passage was spurious. P. Wessner, Isidor und Sueton. The sources of Isidor's Origines were mainly later works, the patres, scholia and handbooks dealing with different subjects. Isidor has mixed up the whole material; he seldom mentions his sources. Quotations from older writers are not taken from the originals. M. Forstner, Hannibals und Hasdrubals Alpenübergang. It seems that according to Silius Italicus both Hannibal and Hasdrubal crossed the Mont Cenis. K. Holl, Yevdoμáprus. Controverts Reitzenstein (Nachr. Gött. Ges. Wiss. 1916, pp. 417 sqq.). C. Robert, On schol. ad Odyss. O 225 and schol. A. B. ad II. M 292. The sources are really those mentioned in the scholia.

LII. 3.

G. Wissowa, Zum Ritual der Arvalbrüder. M. Pohlenz, Zu den hippokratischen Briefen. On Papyri Berol. 6934, 7094, and Pap. Ox. 1184. E. v. Stern, Hippias oder Hipparchos. Controverts Beloch, who maintained that Hipparchos, not Hippias, was the eldest son of Pisistratus (Thucyd. I. 54-59). Ed. Meyer, Apollonios von Tyana und die Biographie des Philostratos. The MS. of Damis (Philostr. I. 19) was only a fabrication of Philostratus himself. E. Ziebarth, Delische Stiftungen. Deals with several foundations not acknowledged as such by B. Laum. F. Vollmer, Kritischer Apparat zu Ovids Remedia. Contains the readings of R, Regius Heinsii, Paris

lat. 7311 saec. IX.-X. (by Korn), E = Eton. Bl. 6, 5, saec. XI. (from photographs), and T-Florilegium of the Paris lat. 8069, saec. XI. (from photographs).

Mnemosyne. XLV. 3. 1917.

J. J. Hartman, De Luciani qui fertur Fugitivis. Decides against the authenticity of the dialogue as being (1) inconsistent with De Morte Peregrini in its estimate of the character of that philosopher; (2) ill-composed as to its plot and futile in its witticisms; (3) containing turns of phrase suggesting clumsy imitation of Lucian's style. H. appends some textual criticism. M. Engers, The Administration of Egypt under the Lagidae. Discusses the functions of the murárns Twν þvλAKITŵv. This officer was concerned with the administration of the vouós; he was charged with the care of public order; though not possessing judicial authority he conducted preliminary investigations; under the direction of the σrparnyós he supervised the collection of the dues payable in respect of royal monopolies. M. Rank, Nova Phaedriana. Discusses the relations between Phaedrus and Eutychus. As against Havet, he maintains that the prologue to Book III. is addressed to Eutychus in its entirety; that the latter, though a courtier and immersed in active pursuits, was not 'an illiterate Trimalchio,' and that the poet's object was to persuade E. to throw himself into literature and support P. in his literary quarrels. R. finds traces in the fourth and fifth books, dedicated to a new patron Particulo, of disappointment at E.'s failure to respond. G. E. W. van Hille on Livy xxxiii. 16 seeks to explain the difficulties of the chapter by assuming that the Acarnanians like the Aetolians possessed a council of Apocleti with considerable powers to act in emergencies Livy mistook this council for the popular assembly. Van H. thinks the facts were as follows: The apocleti in 197 met at Leucas; thence two of them proceeded to the Roman commander, and on returning called together their own supporters among the apocleti, and voted an alliance with Rome. Later a full meeting of apocleti condemns the proceedings and impeaches the two leaders for treason. The question ultimately comes before the popular assembly, which vetoes the alliance with Rome but acquits the accused. F. Muller contributes emendations on Seneca's Quaestiones Naturales, guided by the forms of clausula used by Seneca. There are short notes on Juv. VI. 660, Crito p. 44A, Hor. Ep. II. 1. 160, Pers. Sat. 1. 8, and Hesychius' gloss, αὐτοφαρίζειν· αὐτοματεῖν.

Revue de Philologie. XL. 4. 1916.

M. Jeanneret, La Langue des Tablettes d'Exécration latines. The first part (containing Bibliography, Introduction, and Phonetics) of what promises to be an exhaustive treatise. L. Havet, Lectulus lit de table. Lectulus' is not a mere diminutive of lectus,' but is a dining-couch used for a feast in the open air. In Terence, Adelphi 285, 'Et lectus <sis> iube sterni' is suggested. A number of passages in Plautus are discussed. P. Collart, Nonnos Dionysiaca VII. 100 sqq. Proposes in line 102 to read onμá te tŷs OeótηTOS. P. Lejay, La Dissimilation des Préfixes latins dans l'Écriture. In the time of Augustine (whose note on Romans 1. 21 implies the reading 'inmanis' not 'immanis') dissimilation was the rule. Priscian in the sixth century introduces a strict system of assimilation. P. Lejay, Un Indicatif dans le Discours indirect. Defends 'fuerunt' (RV) in Cic. De Signis § 8. Bulletin Bibliographique includes a review of S. Gaselee's Greek MSS. in the old Seraglio. Revue des Revues et publications d'Académies relatives à l'antiquité classique. These abstracts are carried to the end of 1915.

XLI. I. 1917.

M. Jeanneret, La Langue des Tablettes d'Exécration latines. Phonétique, Morphologie, Formation des Mots, Vocabulaire. Bulletin Bibliographique. J. B. Edwards, The Demesman in Attic Life (B. Haussoulier).


Rivista di Filologia e di Istruzione Classica. XLV. 4. 1917.

D. Bassi, Notes on Unedited Papyri from Herculaneum. Gives a description and fragmentary text of papyrus No. 57, which contains the treatise of Philodemus Ilepi pavías. U. Moricca, The Phoenissae of Seneca. A long article divided into two parts. In the first it is argued from resemblances of style and thought that the play is rightly attributed to Seneca. In the second the views of Braun, Leo, Pais, Birt, Werner, and others are examined, and three conclusions are reached: (a) That the play is a single tragedy, and not fragments of two separate tragedies; (b) that except for the choric songs it is complete; (c) that the final scene is not unfinished as was maintained by Braun and Birt, but ends with a second exile of Polynices, a version of the story perhaps suggested to the author by the story of Coriolanus. L. Valmaggi, (i.) Table Manners. Discusses the evidence against the use of forks in antiquity. (ii) Echoes from the Classics in Parini. Discusses three passages of Parini which may be reminiscent of the classics.

Wochenschrift für klassische Philologie. 1917.

July 23. W. Kroll, Pauly's Realencyclopädie der kl. Altertumswissenschaft. Eighteenth half-volume. Imperium-Iugum (Harder). Reviewed with grateful recognition. Otto Kern, Krieg und Kult bei den Hellenen (Nestle). A Rektorat address, published in an enlarged form. Lily R. Taylor, The Cults of Ostia (Steuding).

Aug. 6. H. H. Hofmann, Chorlieder und Handlung bei Euripides (Nestle). The author has succeeded in delineating the characteristics of the choruses of Euripides. W. Schur, Die Aeneassage in der spätern römischen Literatur (Cauer).

Aug. 13. G. Dittenberger, Sylloge inscriptionum Graecarum a G. D. condita. III. Ed., Vol. II. (Larfeld). Continues to serve as a welcome complement to our classical authors. C. Lackeit, Aion: Zeit und Ewigkeit in Sprache und Religion der Griechen. I. Sprache (Nestle). In this diligent and exact work the history of the meaning of the word aiúv is followed through Greek literature. The second part dealing with the side of religious history will be awaited with interest.

Sept. 10. G. A. Harrer, Studies in the History of the Roman Province of Syria (Philipp). Rich in valuable results. F. Pfister, Tacitus als Historiker. On Tacitus views on the writing of history.

Sept. 17 (Double number). U. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Vitae Homeri et Hesiodi, ed. U. von W.-M. (Sitzler). Numerous improvements have been made. A. Rehm, Griechische Windrosen (Roscher). Marked by thoroughness and insight. H. Sjögren, M.T. Ciceronis ad Att. ep. libri XVI., rec. H. S. Books I.-IV. (Sternkopf). A worthy addition to its predecessors.

Oct. I. E. Babelow, Le Rhin dans l'Histoire; and J. Toutain, Le Rhin dans l'Antiquité (Draheim). The reviewer criticizes these works from the patriotic standpoint. K. Loeschhorn, Zu Aristophanes und Pindar (Wagner). A small book which should not be overlooked.

Oct. 8 (Double number). D. S. Robertson, Lucian De Saltatione (Kraemer). Approved.

Oct. 22. W. H. Roscher, Die Zahl 50 in Mythus usw. der Hellenen und anderer Völker (Steuding). A model of an exhaustive philological investigation. C. Wessely, Aus der Welt der Papyri (Zucker). The essentials are often distorted by inexactitudes.

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