The Future of the Cognitive Revolution

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David Johnson, Christina Erneling
Oxford University Press, 24‏/04‏/1997 - 416 من الصفحات
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The basic idea of the particular way of understanding mental phenomena that has inspired the "cognitive revolution" is that, as a result of certain relatively recent intellectual and technological innovations, informed theorists now possess a more powerfully insightful comparison or model for mind than was available to any thinkers in the past. The model in question is that of software, or the list of rules for input, output, and internal transformations by which we determine and control the workings of a computing machine's hardware. Although this comparison and its many implications have dominated work in the philosophy, psychology, and neurobiology of mind since the end of the Second World War, it now shows increasing signs of losing its once virtually unquestioned preeminence. Thus we now face the question of whether it is possible to repair and save this model by means of relatively inessential "tinkering", or whether we must reconceive it fundamentally and replace it with something different. In this book, twenty-eight leading scholars from diverse fields of "cognitive science"-linguistics, psychology, neurophysiology, and philosophy- present their latest, carefully considered judgements about what they think will be the future course of this intellectual movement, that in many respects has been a watershed in our contemporary struggles to comprehend that which is crucially significant about human beings. Jerome Bruner, Noam Chomsky, Margaret Boden, Ulric Neisser, Rom Harre, Merlin Donald, among others, have all written chapters in a non-technical style that can be enjoyed and understood by an inter-disciplinary audience of psychologists, philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, and cognitive scientists alike.

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What Is the Purported Discipline of Cognitive Science and why Does It Need to Be Reassessed at the Present Moment? The Search for Cognitive Glue
Good OldFashioned Cognitive Science Does It Have a Future?
Cognitive Science and the Study of Language
Connectionism A NonRuleFollowing Rival or Supplement to the Traditional Approach?
The Ecological Alternative Knowledge as Sensitivity to Objectively Existing Facts
Challenges to Cognitive Science The Cultural Approach
Historical Approaches
Cognitive Science and the Future of Psychology Challenges and Opportunities
Citation Index
Subject Index
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