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Schism then, for the same reasons that have already been alleged, is nothing else but a separation made in the communion of the church, upon account of something in divine worship, or ecclesiastical discipline, that is not any necessary part of it. Now nothing in worship or discipline can be necessary to christian communion, but what Christ our legislator, or the apostles, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, have commanded in express words.

In a word: he that denies not any thing that the Holy Scriptures teach in express words, nor makes a separation upon occasion of any thing that is not manifestly contained in the sacred text; however he may be nick-named by any sect of christians, and declared by some or all of them, to be utterly void of true christianity; yet indeed and in truth this man cannot be either a heretic or schismatic.

These things might have been explained more largely, and more advantageously; but it is enough to have hinted at them, thus briefly, to a person of your parts

A SECOND

A SECOND

LETTER

CONCERNING

TOLERATION.

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A SECOND

LETTER

CONCERNING

TOLERATIO N.

To the AUTHOR of the Argument of the LETTER, CONcerning TOLERATION, briefly considered and answered.

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SIR,

You will pardon me if I take the same liberty with γου you, that you have done with the author of the Letter concerning Toleration; to consider your arguments, and endeavour to shew you the for since you have so plainly yielded up the question to him, and do own that "the severities he would dissuade

of

christians from, are utterly unapt and improper to

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bring

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"bring men to embrace that truth which must save "them :" I am not without some hopes to prevail with you to do that yourself, which you say is the only justifiable aim of men differing about religion, even in the use of the severest methods, viz. carefully and impartially to weigh the whole matter, and thereby to remove that prejudice which makes you yet favour some remains of persecution: promising myself that so ingenious a person will either be convinced by the truth which appears so very clear and evident to me: or else confess, that, were either you or I in authority, we should very unreasonably and very unjustly use any force upon the other, which differed from him, upon any pretence of want of examination. And if force be not to be used in your case or mine, because unreasonable, or unjust; you will, I hope, think fit that it should be forborn in all others where it will be equally unjust and unreasonable; as I doubt not but to make it appear it will unavoidably be, wherever you will go about to pu

nish men for want of consideration; for the true way to try such speculations as these, is to see how they will prove when they are reduced into practice.

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The first thing you seem startled at, in the author's letter, is the largeness of the toleration he proposes : and you think it strange that he would not have so much as a "pagan, mahometan, or jew, excluded from the civil rights of the commonwealth, because of his religion," p. 1. We pray every day for their conversion, and I think it our duty so to do: but it will, I fear, hardly be believed that we pray in earnest, if we exclude them from the other ordinary and probable means of conversion; either by driving them from, or persecuting them when they are amongst us. Force, you allow, is improper to convert men to any religion. Toleration is but the removing that force; so that why those should not be tolerated as well as others, if you wish their conversion, I do not see. But you say, "it seems "hard to conceive how the author of that letter should "think to do any service to religion in general, or to "the christian religion, by recommending and persuad"ing such a toleration; for how much soever it may

"tend

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